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Timor leste horticulture

Timor leste horticulture


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Katie Dobbins, a master's degree student in agricultural and extension education, helps get plants in the ground of a raised garden bed. Timor-Leste is mostly mountainous also known as East Timor. A relatively new country in Southeast Asia, it formed its independence from Portugal in and Indonesia in , and covers half the island of Timor. The interdisciplinary course focused on horticulture, nutrition, community development and crop marketing.

Content:
  • Horticulture in Timor-Leste
  • Agriculture and food: the Netherlands and Timor-Leste
  • AgMemo - Horticulture news, August 2019
  • Avansa Agrikultura: Supporting Economic Activity and Agricultural Development in Timor-Leste
  • Faire un don à Société d'Horticulture et d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Hérault
  • Navigation
  • Northern Territory Farmers encourages targeted training in horticulture for seasonal workers
  • Get In Touch
  • USAID's Avansa Agrikultura Project
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: School gardening to tackle malnutrition - Ego Lemos - TEDxDili

Horticulture in Timor-Leste

It offers opportunities for workers to improve their livelihoods, earning more money than would be possible at home. The SWP brings workers to Australia for six months to work in areas of seasonal labour deficit, specifically horticulture and hospitality. In Australia, the Department of Employment approves employers to the program, for which they are required to meet legislated responsibilities for both living conditions and wage levels at or above the minimum wage.

If employers are non-compliant, the Department of Employment is responsible for following up to ensure they meet their obligations to the workers.

Notwithstanding the few cases where these obligations are not met for example here , this arrangement provides a level of confidence that conditions comply with Australian standards.

This level of oversight is not available to the majority of migrant workers globally, most of whom work in extremely harsh conditions in Asia and the Middle East.

Recent research on the SWP shows a remarkably high satisfaction level with the Programme. I was the lead researcher for Timor-Leste, completing an in-depth survey in November and a follow-up study in AprilA similar study was done in Vanuatu. In the survey, 50 Timorese workers were asked how satisfied they were with their SWP experiences.

A pre-departure briefing for SWP workers provides them with an understanding of what to expect, and of their contractual conditions. If the workers understand their contractual conditions, they can take action if they are not fairly treated. But cases of improper practice can be challenged. The vast majority of Timorese workers described how they had benefited significantly from the SWP experience.

The SWP is popular because returning migrants display visible signs of improved wellbeing and positive stories about their experiences, leading other community members to be attracted to follow in their footsteps.

In Timor-Leste, horticulture workers saved, on average, AUD 6,, from their time in Australia, while hospitality workers were likely to save more. The average remittance over the work period by those that sent remittances is AUD 3, The workers brought the rest of the savings home with them; some who had only four-month placements did not bother sending any remittances at all. Effective workers are typically asked by their employer to return year after year, which gives them the opportunity to build up their financial resources over some years.

In Timor-Leste, the dearth of jobs is widely seen as a major social problem and motivates many to join the SWP. They explained that it is difficult to come back to Timor where there was no work, and their only possibility was to wait until they could go to Australia again as part of the SWP. Some men specifically said it was good to take part in the SWP while their children were little, but as the children grew up and went to school they did not want to be an absent father.

But most Timorese workers believed that they had gained useful new skills which could assist them to establish a business or get a job when they return home. About half of the workers intended to establish a business to support their family, and half of those and all of the women had taken the first steps in the process. Others, however, felt they lacked business skills or required support and were not able to realise their business plans.

Also notable was the fact that no interviewed worker had used their agricultural skills even though most worked in the horticultural sector. This is a result of the fact that recruitment took place in Dili rather than in the districts. Initiatives to develop local tourism infrastructure such as guest houses and restaurants are already evident, with one interviewed worker already setting up a guest house and another setting up a restaurant.

Such examples are not the exception, but an example of the desire and expectations of the majority of workers to use the SWP to, in future, secure their livelihoods at home. Returning workers from Australia, with skills and experience in horticulture and tourism, could contribute to these broader national goals if recruitment was appropriately targeted. A pilot program to recruit SWP workers in rural areas is planned.

A greater focus on reintegration is needed as well, to help returning workers get knowledge and support from the various organisations that already exist to support small business development. Properly integrated into national policies, SWP workers from rural areas could gain valuable new skills for strengthening agricultural production and marketing and contribute to building the local economy.

Now an Honorary Fellow at Victoria University, she also works as a consultant in social development and gender equality, particularly in relation to Timor-Leste. Sign me up for the fortnightly newsletter! Don't subscribe All Replies to my comments Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting. Written by Ann Wigglesworth. Download PDF. A major labour shortage at harvest time is looming Rewarding work for returning Pacific seasonal labour?

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Agriculture and food: the Netherlands and Timor-Leste

Launched in , Avansa Agrikultura uses a market systems development approach — working with farmers, buyers and communities to implement locally owned solutions. This work has been essential in assisting to break down critical barriers that were preventing households from achieving sustainable economic growth. Achieving project goals to date has been possible due to the dedication from committed farmers and agribusinesses we partner with, the Government of Timor-Leste, cooperating projects and NGOs, our partners, and the individuals on our team. In particular, farmers and the private sector in Timor-Leste have demonstrated their willingness to take risks and try new approaches, tools and modes of business. Through the past five years, our dedicated team has reached more than 34, individuals helping them build the skills they need to improve their agriculture productivity, transition to commercial farming, invest in off-farm businesses and improve their incomes and family nutrition.

USAID's Avansa Agrikultura Project in Timor-Leste is a horticultural market systems project that has strengthened market linkages and.

AgMemo - Horticulture news, August 2019

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Avansa Agrikultura: Supporting Economic Activity and Agricultural Development in Timor-Leste

Throughout and the early part of , the 14 successful International Agricultural Student Award recipients will travel to their host countries to research and explore their chosen topic areas. You can keep up with their journey here on the Crawford Fund website and read more about their findings, learnings and any challenges they encounter. Laurelle aimed to explore non-traditional security with a particular focus on the Food-Water-Energy Nexus and how this impacts the development of countries such as Timor-Leste. Most of the population 70 per cent lives in rural areas, with forty per cent of the population living in poverty and 30 per cent of the population lacking access to clean drinking water.

Contribute to sustainable development across our region and join the Australian Volunteers Program! Australian volunteers are supported with flights, training, insurance, living allowances and more.

Faire un don à Société d'Horticulture et d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Hérault

The Knua Centre has helped Gabriel to develop a business map for possible future consulting services. Gabriel had a strong desire to work in his home country.Upon returned to Timor-Leste, Gabriel became inspired to develop his own business using his horticulture knowledge. Gabriel was conscious of the need for Specialist Horticulture knowledge in the agriculture industry. Throughout the rural areas, although traditional knowledge of farming practises is exceptional, farmers experience several difficulties.

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The attached document is an author-created version of an article published in Acta HorticulturaeThe original publication is available at www. This paper describes the farming systems in two horticulture growing regions in Timor Leste and outlines the challenges and constraints faced by farmers in the production and marketing of horticultural products. The paper is based on a wider study of farming systems in Timor Leste. One of the main challenges faced by farmers is the low productivity and quality of the produce. This is due to current farm management and post-harvest practices as well as the lack of farm inputs.

some organic fertiliser use in horticulture; heavy reliance on other agri-inputs like seeds, day-old chicks and pesticides; little or no market.

Northern Territory Farmers encourages targeted training in horticulture for seasonal workers

Region: Asia and the Pacific. Solutions: Economic Growth. In , USAID invested in a hydroponic greenhouse facility that enabled 20 Timorese farmers to grow high-value vegetables such as peppers, tomatoes, and eggplant.

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RELATED VIDEO: Farmers’ testimonies on Conservation Agriculture in Timor-Leste

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The agriculture sector comprises all economic activity relating to food, from production to marketing and distribution. The Netherlands is the second-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, after the United States.

USAID's Avansa Agrikultura Project

Make your tax-deductible gift to Mercy Corps and help us reach millions more people in and beyond. Since gaining independence in , this island nation continues to struggle with extreme poverty and slow rebuilding efforts. Eighty per cent of the population relies on agriculture for food and income but most families in rural areas can only produce enough food to last for eight months. As a result, levels of chronic malnutrition are extremely high, particularly among children under five. Timor-Leste is also plagued by energy poverty, with only a small percentage of the population having access to electricity.

The uncapped scheme connects workers from nine Pacific islands and Timor-Leste with employers across Australia. The PLS was created to help fill labor gaps in Australian towns and farms by providing access to a reliable and productive workforce. The PLS seeks to boost economic activity and competitiveness in Australia and promote economic and skills development in the Pacific.


Watch the video: Horticulture Good Agricultural Practicies in East-Timor (July 2022).


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