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Carnation, whether perennial or annual, offers a flowering of beauty.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Dianthus
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Type : Perennial, annual or biennial
Height : 20 to 80 cm
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary
Flowering : May to September
Caring for carnation is easy so here are some tips for having beautiful flowers all summer long.
Properly planting a carnation
There are a large number of species and varieties ofcarnations. Among the many species, here are the most common:
- Chabaud carnation or florists' carnation, 50 to 80 cm tall, perennial or annual
- Chinese Carnation, 20 to 30 cm high, annual
- Rock garden carnation, 10 to 20 cm, perennial or annual
- Carnations of the poets, 20 to 60 cm tall, perennial or biennial
- Carnation sweets, 20 to 30 cm high, very fragrant perennial
For the perennial carnations:
- Unimportant, planting in the fall or spring taking care to respect a spacing of 20/25 cm between each plant.
- The cuttings perennial carnations is easy to make from the month of May.
- They can also be multiplied by dividing the tuft in the fall.
For annual carnations:
- proceed to a sowing under shelter from March, transplant once in a cup before setting up in the spring.
- You can sow directly in place from April-May
Maintenance of eyelets
The eyelet is very durable and requires little maintenance.
- Cut the wilted flowers as you go, this stimulates the appearance of new flowers.
- Water only in prolonged drought
For the perennial carnations, cut the stems in the fall to a few inches and optionally cover with a mulch of fallen leaves.
For the annual carnation, you can pull them out in the fall because they don't grow back year after year.
To know about the carnation
Carnation is actually a common name which groups together a large number of herbaceous flowers, mostly among the dianthus.
The number of carnation species thus offers a wide variety of colors and shapes.
This plant, perennial or annual depending on the carnation variety, is nevertheless always generous in its flowering and thus makes it possible to garnish your flower beds, borders, rockeries or planters.
Not to be confused withmarigold which is part of asteraceae and which takes its name from a certain resemblance, carnations are a species and variety apart. Note that, unlike the Indian carnation, the dianthus carnation is not edible.
Rich in color and very fragrant, it is interesting to multiply the species within a single bed.
Smart tip about carnations
These florists' carnation flowers hold very well in a bouquet and look very pretty in a floral arrangement.