Plants and Health

Pear: for intestinal transit


The pear tree or (Pyrus communis) is one of the most popular fruit trees known to man since prehistoric times.

Very hardy, it can live for nearly a hundred years and can be found all over the world.

  • Orchard: how to grow pear trees well
  • Cooking: pear recipes

Pear and its health benefits

The forests ofTemperate Europe andWestern Asia, from the Caspian Sea to the Atlantic Ocean, were the first to welcome the pear tree.

If the Greeks cultivated it, it is especially the Romans who developed the first varieties. In the middle Ages, five or six more varieties were developed, but the fruits turned out to be hard and not very juicy.

Today there are more than two thousand varieties of pears grown in the world and pear is the fifth fruit the most consumed in France.

  • Pear is an excellent source of dietary fiber, ensuring regular intestinal transit and increased stools. To note : the pear peel contains more fiber than its flesh.
  • Very low in calories (50 kcal / 100 g), the energy supply of pear comes mainly from its carbohydrates (15 g / 100 g).
  • Pear contains several phenolic compounds (especially in the skin) recognized for their powerantioxidant, and which contribute to the prevention of certain cancers, of diabetes andobesity.
  • Rich in vitamin C, the pear stimulates our immune defenses and contributes to the good health of our skeleton.
  • Like the Apple, the pear is a diuretic, purifying and deconstipating fruit. Warning however: fragile stomachs sometimes have difficulty digesting it. If you are concerned, you can safely eat pear cooked in water, in the oven or in marmalade.
  • Decoctions ofpear leaves have diuretic virtues and properties anti-inflammatory drugs. They help mitigate urinary pain and are recommended for their benefits in case of cystitis, bladder disease and prostate disease.

Pear in cooking for its benefits

  • Flood, the pear is eaten alone or with other fruits, in salad, but also with savory products: pear goes very well with lamb's lettuce or endive, Roquefort and raw ham.

  • Cooked or poached, it is excellent with chocolate (the famous Belle Hélène pear) or sweet red wine. Pear can also be cooked in pies, clafoutis, ice creams, sorbets and mousses.
  • And to return to classics of French cuisine, why not serve the pear as an interlude during the meal, the fruit serving to refresh the palate before serving the cheese (which has given the expression "between pear and cheese"). Or at the same time as the cheese, alternating slices of one and the other to awaken the flavors.
  • Trick : if you want to keep a peeled raw pear, it must be immediately lemon so it doesn't darken.
  • Cooking: pear recipes

Nutritional Intakes of Pears

50 kcal / 100 g, the pear remains a low-calorie fruit. It is rich in fiber, vitamins B and C, minerals and trace elements.

Pear is also high in potassium, which makes it a good diuretic.

Growing pear and pear for its benefits

You can plant the pear tree in all regions, below 1000 m altitude. The soil he likes is rich, clayey, deep and cool, without excess moisture or limestone. It does not appreciate the dryness of sandy soils and is not resistant to drafts. Theideal orientation pear tree is south / south-east or south / south-west.

  • Watch out for frost which can damage the spring flowering. Flowers and fruits are usually destroyed when the temperature reaches - 2 ° C.
  • Byhumid weather or in case of heavy rains, fruits tend to fall and overloaded branches break before harvest.
  • You can grow a pear tree in a pot provided you provide a tray of at least 40 cm in diameter and depth, to ensure good drainage (drainage hole and bed of stones at the bottom of the pot) andwater generously, especially in summer. You will take care to keep only three or four fruits per branch (no fruit the first year to ensure recovery).
  • Orchard: how to grow pear trees well

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