Aromatics

The top 6 aromatic plants


They smell great, are easy to grow and are useful in cooking.

In the garden, on the balcony or indoors, aromatics are consumed fresh in summer, dried in winter.

Here are the 6 essential aromatic plants to grow at home!

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The Basilic

From May to October, he treats us in salads, pasta (with pesto), pizzas and other pies with sunny vegetables. To cultivate it, sow it in March or plant it in April, in a universal, cool and always humid soil. Basil likes a sunny exposure and regular fertilizer inputs. It grows very quickly if the temperature does not drop below 15 ° C.

Outdoors, cover it under a bell.

For a truly bountiful harvest, house it on a veranda or behind a kitchen window.

Finally, don't forget to cut the flowers regularly so that the foliage blooms. He also loves the company of tomatoes!

Read also :

  • Growing basil well
  • Benefits and virtues of basil for health

Mint

Mint is another essential aroma near the kitchen, especially when its taste is increased tenfold when it is freshly picked.

Tea, salad, sauce, ice cream… It perfumes a large number of dishes. It grows very well, it is even invasive. This is why it is best to isolate it, alone in a pot, unless you like ground cover plants. Bonus: it is honey! When flowering, cut off the flowers if you do not want them to shatter.

The best known are peppermint and spearmint but there are also, among others, Moroccan mint, orange mint and apple mint.

These mints like a location in partial shade and light, not too rich, and well-drained soil.

Read also :

  • Growing mint well

Lemon balm

It looks like spearmint or even nettle, but ... it smells of lemon!

Like mint, this perennial reseeds itself naturally and is honey-bearing. Additional asset: it repels mosquitoes.

There are also some with "orange" foliage. Plant it in light, cool soil, in partial shade, and prune it regularly according to your needs.

In the kitchen, cut a few lemon balm leaves to prepare a digestive infusion or to decorate a fish dish.

Read also :

  • Health benefits and virtues of lemon balm

Parsley

Also called "Chinese or Arabian parsley", parsley can be grown in pots, flower boxes or in the ground.

To be sown from April to September in the ground, or even from February under shelter, it likes a rich and airy soil, slightly calcareous and a rather sunny exposure.

It does not fear the cold or drought for that matter (keep its soil moist only during the first months of growth) even if it appreciates regular watering, observing the condition of the soil.

A regular size allows it to expand.

Read also :

  • Growing parsley well
  • Health benefits and virtues of parsley

Coriander

If you like Indian and Asian cuisine, coriander (leaves and seeds) is a must.

Rather rustic, this aromatic resists the cold and likes to have a sandy, drained and moist soil, at the same time rich and light, if possible next to dill and chervil plants.

Sow her throughout the summer in a sunny location away from the wind. The harvest is from May to October. Plan a large pot or a sufficient place from the outset as it needs to grow.

Be careful, she doesn't like to be moved or repotted. As with the others, cut it as and when you need it.

Read also :

  • Growing coriander well
  • Benefits and virtues of cilantro for health

Thyme

Here is the typical southern aroma!

It likes calcareous, sandy and well-drained soils and it grows in full sun. Limit watering, except when planting.

It flowers from May to October, in several colors depending on the variety.

Use it in the kitchen to flavor your dishes, and dry it to prepare yourself, in winter, very effective herbal teas against colds!

Beyond these six aromatics, many others are appreciated by the French such as chives, tarragon, sorrel, rosemary ... It's up to you to garden according to your preferences!

Read also :

  • Growing thyme well
  • Health benefits and virtues of thyme

To read: Les jardinières magiques, by Cinead Mc Ternan, published by La Martinière.

Claire Lelong-Lehoang

Visual credits: Aromatics in jar: © Algoflash Basil: © Jérôme Rommé Fotolia Mint repotting: © Algoflash Mélisse: © Magdalena Kucova - stock.adobe.com Parsley: © lnsdes - stock.adobe.com Coriander: © Jérôme Rommé Fotolia Thyme: © VRD Fotolia

Video: 6 Perfect Plants for a Cocktail Herb Garden (October 2020).