Animals

Dog vaccination


You are still hesitating to have your dog vaccinated ... Analysis of received ideas and little point on vaccination coverage.

The principle of the dog vaccine:

The vaccine contains the infectious agents of the disease (in live or incomplete form). When injected into your pet, their immune system is boosted.

Two weeks after vaccination, the animal reacts as if it were infected and develops targeted immunity against the infectious agent injected.

Misconceptions about dog vaccination

  • Older animals no longer need to be vaccinated:it is false, because due to their age their immune system is weakened.
  • Animals can be vaccinated after being infected:it is false, because the vaccine is preventive, it cannot treat a sick animal.
  • Any animal before being vaccinated must be well fed and in good health:it is true, because his immune system must be able to respond optimally.
  • After a vaccine,your pet may have a fever, an allergic reaction (swelling and itching) and a small lump at the injection level: this is true, but all these side effects are rare and disappear quickly (24/48 hours).
  • Vaccinating your dog protects your owner: it is true especially for rabies.

Dog vaccination coverage:

Distemper

  • Contamination: through bodily secretions.
  • Symptoms observed: fever, loss of appetite, followed by conjunctivitis, discharge from the nose and eyes, cough, diarrhea, vomiting, pustules and neurological disorders.
  • Fatal illnessin most of the cases.
  • Vaccinationat 3 months. Annual vaccine booster for good protection.

Contagious hepatitis

  • Contamination :By ingestion of urine, stools, saliva or contaminated objects.
  • Symptoms observed:Diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite. The liver and lymph nodes are affected and swollen. The cornea becomes opaque and blue. Puppies are particularly at risk.
  • Fatal illness.
  • Vaccinationat 3 months. Annual vaccine booster for good protection.

Rabbies shot

  • Contamination : occurs after a contaminated animal is bitten (or licked from an open wound). It is a zoonosis(disease transmitted to humans).
  • Symptoms observed:aggressiveness, fear, swallowing problem, salivation, itching, paralysis.
  • Fatal disease after onset.It is a viral disease that infects the nervous system (brains and spinal cord). Once declared, it is fatal in any case. If you suspect your pet is a carrier or have been bitten, a vaccine may be effective if you are in the incubation period, which is between ten days and a year (rarer). We must consult as soon as possible. Obligation for dogs of 1reand 2nd category and for dogs crossing borders to be vaccinated.
  • Vaccination: this vaccine is recommended by veterinarians. The first injection will be given at 3 months and then every year for ideal protection. All responsible owners should be encouraged to vaccinate their dogs against this terrible disease.

Leptospirosis

  • Contamination :bacterial disease that is contracted when a dog drinks in stagnant water (where the urine of contaminated animals such as rats is found) or percutaneously when bathing.
  • Symptoms observed:hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, renal failure, yellow mucous membranes and nephritis.
  • Fatal illness. It is a zoonosis, it is transmissible to humans.
  • Vaccinationat two months then a new injection four weeks later. Annual reminder for good protection. Hunting dogs can be vaccinated every six months if they are heavily exposed.

Parvovirus

  • Contamination : transmission by direct contact between dogs or by their droppings.
  • Symptoms observed:intestinal and sometimes cardiac damage. Pregnant bitches are particularly affected which results in the death of the embryo.
  • Fatal illness
  • Vaccinationat 12 and 16 weeks then annual booster for good protection.

Kennel cough

Contamination :It is caught by direct nose-to-nose contact during play or in a place with a high concentration of dogs (shelter, kennel, etc.)

Symptoms observed:cough and runny nose, fever and fatigue.

Disease which can be cured by taking antibiotics.

Vaccination annual for good protection. It is not compulsory, but recommended if your dog attends boarding houses or dog shows.

Piroplasmosis

Contamination : Tick ​​bite. The dog becomes infected two or three days after the tick sets in. You can avoid contamination by examining your dog regularly to identify the unwanted host. It can be removed with pliers. Make sure that all the tick has been removed (especially the legs).

Symptoms observed: dog slaughtered, complete loss of appetite, fever, severe fatigue.

Very serious illnessand fatal if not caught in time.

Vaccinationat 8 and 10 weeks in two injections at 3 week intervals. Annual reminder. The vaccine does not fully protect against the disease. It is good to supplement the vaccination with protection against ticks in the form of a swallowable pill or a pipette, the liquid of which is spread on the skin of the animal (at the level of the spine).

To better understand: puppies are immuneat birth by colostrum (fluid rich in proteins and antibodies produced by the mammary glands before or after birth) from their mother. This immunity wears off after about 8-10 weeks. AT two months, they receive a primary vaccination. Some of them cannot respond to this vaccination because they still have too many antibodies. It is for this reason that they have a booster shot at 12 weeks for the majority of the diseases described. Your veterinarian will establish your dog's vaccination schedule with your agreement.

Smart advice on dog vaccination

  • If you live in the Mediterranean regionsor if you plan to stay there, consider seeking advice on the leishmaniasis vaccine. It has been around since 2011, can be given at 6 months of age. Note that it is not 100% effective and is expensive (180 to 200 euros). Its action must be supplemented or countered by the administration of antiparasitics. This infectious disease is caused by the bite of an insect, the sand fly (a kind of mosquito). Fatal in most cases, your dog can survive but will need lifelong treatment.
  • When recalling your puppy's vaccines, at the age of three months, take the opportunity to make a list of all the questions you have about your new companion. Professionally, the veterinarian will answer all your questions.
  • Each year, your veterinarian will send you a letter to give you the date of the booster for your dog's vaccination. When he is 8 years old (senior), he will offer you a check-up (blood ...) to detect any diseases. Taken on time, it is easier to treat them.

ATmeditate : “Animals have merit; they never disappoint. "

Jean Rochefort

L.D.

© Ilike

Video: Which Vaccines Should I Give My Dog or Cat? Vet Advice (October 2020).