Organic but not only, permaculture is inspired by the natural functioning of ecosystems to grow associated plants on small areas.
It is well suited to vegetable gardens.
Permaculture, the principle
The term "permaculture" is the contraction of permanent, that is, sustainable agriculture. Like organic farming, permaculture prohibits the use of chemical fertilizers, weedkillers and pesticides, but goes further because it allows everyone to invent a way of life in harmony with the planet. It is based on an ethic consisting of taking care of the earth, of people and of equitably sharing resources.
Permaculture is based on respect for the environment, but also for the gardener and the consumer. It is based on a very thorough observation of the functioning of natural ecosystems from which follow simple practices, using in particular microorganisms present in the soil, such as bacteria, fungi, earthworms, insect larvae. , etc. The functions naturally performed by living things are optimized.
The principle of the layer of humus covering the soil in the forest applies. Everything is reused, the waste from one plant turns into a resource for another. For example, the fallen leaves of a tree constitute one of the elements of mulching which makes it possible to recreate a soil where a food crop can develop.
Permaculture rhymes with small surfaces
Permaculture applies well to market gardening and vegetable gardens. No need to resort to mechanization or plowing! It is therefore particularly suitable for small surfaces. On a plot, several layers of plants are associated: root plants, herbaceous plants, bushes, ground cover such as strawberries, shrubs and larger trees. Flowerbeds are created in the form of mounds in order to obtain a loose soil in which the roots sink deeply. This makes them more resistant to drought, which reduces watering. A mixture of vegetables, aromatic plants and edible flowers coexist on the same bed, which saves significant space.
Permaculture also seeks to save energy, in particular by maximizing solar gain. By creating small ponds between the plots, the sun is reflected on stones placed at the bottom, storing the heat which is diffused around. The know-how of yesteryear is combined with common sense solutions for the future.