Gardening

Quercus coccinea, scarlet oak: planting and caring


Quercus coccineaIn summary :

Latin name : Quercus coccinea
Common name : Scarlet Oak
Family : Fagaceae
Type : Tree

Foliage : Obsolete
Flowering : Spring (April to May)

Harbor : Flared
Height : 30 m
Width : 15 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Non-calcareous, light and well drained
Hardiness : Above - 15 ° C

Mainly known for the English oak (Quercus roburor Q. Pedunculata), the oak family has more than 400 species.

The Quercus coccineais one of them and not the least: with her majestic harbor, its superb finely cut leaveswhich turn scarlet red in the fall; this ornamental tree will enhance your garden throughout the year.

Planting Quercus coccinea

The ideal planting time isautumn.

Depending on the rainfall and the cold, you can start from October until January, February (apart from frost periods).

It is not recommended to go further to limit the risk of loss in the event of summer (or even spring) droughts.

Before installing your scarlet oak, make sure that the soil is non-limestoneand let it be not hydromorphic, that is, it does not retain too much water. Also check the level ofsunshineof the chosen area.

Once the checks are done, you can move on to planting.

Plant theQuercus coccinea:

To plant your foot off Quercus coccinea,proceed as follows:

  • Diga hole deep enough to help the roots take hold.
  • Amenda little soil by adding well decomposed manure, compost or potting soil and mix everything well, so that the roots are not in direct contact with the amendment (especially the manure).
  • If necessary, add a draining layerpozzolan or vermiculite, to facilitate water drainage.
  • Recapwell the hole by tamping sufficiently at the roots.
  • Tutorthe tree to help him in his early years.

Maintenance of Quercus coccinea

Pruning and caring for scarlet oak

The scarlet oak does not claim no special care. In the early years, do atraining sizein order to balance the growth of the young subject.

Once well designed and structured, there is no need to pruning or pruning except in the case of a troublesome, dangerous, sick or dead branch.

At the beginning you can bring a little organic materialin the fall to support its growth.

Multiplication

If you want to multiply your foot by Quercus coccinea, the best way is still cuttings, even the air layering. With the acorns, the sowingis also possible, but will take more time.

Diseases of Quercus coccinea

Of resistant nature, however, scarlet oak may be subject to American oak wiltet al'powdery mildew.

It can also be the target of aphidsand oak gall wasps. The latter, as the name suggests, cause galls to appear on oak leaves when they deposit their larvae.

> Beyond the unsightly appearance of galls, they are safe for the tree.

Employment ofQuercus coccinea

The shape and dimensions of the Quercus coccineamake it a majestic and spectacular tree.

This is why it is better to install it in a large garden, in isolated subject.

Did you know ?

Quercus, the Latin name for oak, comes from the Celtic "kaerquez" meaning "beautiful tree".

Video: Scarlet Oak video trimmed (October 2020).