Therose hips is a plant native toNorth Africa, of Middle East and D'Europe which grows on the edge of forests, in pastures and on rather dry land (especially limestone).
The fruits of this plant are attributed great medicinal virtues. Which ones? Overview…
To read also: the rose hips, a rosebush with wild charm
The rose hips: for the record
The rose hips were discovered in 1819 by an English sailor and explorer.
Etymologically, the word rose hips would be derived from Greek « kunorodon » and Latin « Rosa canina " which means "dog rose ". This plant also derives its meaning from the Latin word "aquilentum ' which means "who has quills" and the word "acus " which means "needle, point".
The "rose hip " whose culinary virtues, medicinal and cosmetics are recognized, designates the red receptacle containing the fruits of the rose bush and the rose hips.
Its medicinal use dates back to Hippocrates which used its roots to heal from a dog bite (hence the name Rosa Canina).
In the 17th century, the fruit of the rose hips was used to relieve diarrheae.
Note that the word "eglantine "Designates the flower and not the fruit.
In the Ancient Greece, her rose benefited the treatment of cold and to inflammation of the throat.
This plant rich in vitamin C, was of great use during the Second World War: the English authorities used it at the front to reinvigorate their soldiers.
Among the Amerindians, this plant, still called "ass scrub" (because of the hairs attached to the fruits) had quite a different meaning. They claimed that those who consumed the hair would suffer from excruciating itching on the back.
Uses and virtues of rosehips
The rose hips are thorny roses that can reach up to 3 meters in height.
Let it be called "wild rose ", " vsbreaker " (in Quebec), "dog rose », « hedge rose" or even "ass scrubber », This plant whose rose hips are the consumable part, is used in cooked, in the field medical and that cosmetic.
- On the culinary level, wild rose berries, considered to be an excellent food survival, were eaten by Native Americans.
Since Roman times, in the form of an infusion, rosehip flower petals are used to perfume pastries.
While some people consumed the flower petals, others made a decoction in the form of beer.
As for the Eskimos in Alaska, they made a sort of pudding (crushed rosehip pulp, water, seal oil and sugar) or even, added rosehip kisses to a dish of pre-chewed salmon tails.
Other Alaskan tribes mix them with either fish roe or fat to make ice cream.
Some people use it to flavor dishes cooked in the coals or even grind them and mix them with pemmican.
Today, far from regions with an atypical climate, the consumable part of the rosehip berry is rather prepared (alone or mixed with other fruits) in the form of jam, of syrup, of ketchup, of jelly or even marmalade.
In Armenia, the rose hip juice is greatly appreciated.
In Sweden, the rose hip soup is a dessert usually served with cream, milk or vanilla ice cream.
In Chechnya, it is the rosehip tea which is essential in gastronomy.
- On the medical level, the rosehip berry (slightly tart) is said to be "20 times richer than orange in vitamin C"!
It also contains vitamin B, of the vitamin PP, of the provitamin A and mineral salts.
This plant of choice to start a priest at the start of thewinter, has often been used to fight against influenza (in particular), but also, infections.
Even more, used as a tonic and reinforcement of the immune system, rose hip has medicinal properties recognized to fight againstasthenia.
In China, berries of various varieties are used to cure diarrhea chronic and the urinary disorders.
In Denmark, scientists have shown that the rosehip berry has virtues that can also reduce arthritis pain.
In the form of an infusion, rosehip flower petals are used to relieve headache and treat them dizziness.
Also note that the rosehip syrup is often used to give a pleasant taste to drugs intended for children.
Rosehip in organic cosmetics
The wild rose, which has been used for centuries in medicine, is now essential in the ranges of organic cosmetics.
This plant very rich in vitamin C also closes flavonoids, malic acids and citric, tannins, but also, carotenoids.
The rose hips favor the regeneration of skin cells as well as repair of damaged tissue. It improves the appearance of postpartum imperfections, stretch marks, scars or those ofacne, eczema, sunburn orburns.
This 100% natural oil is also beneficial for the treatment of damaged hair.
Rosehip: advice, dosage and practical tips
The best time to harvest rose hips is from June to September.
Today, rosehips have no known toxic effects if the recommended doses are followed.
> In the kitchen :
Whether in the form of jams, of fresh mash, ofaromas or from herbal teas, rose hips are very popular. While retaining its properties, it can be dried and / or stored in the freezer.
> In medicine:
To fight against tired, the chills, the vitamin C deficiency, the influenza infections, a infusion of this plant is recommended.
To do this, measure out 2 tablespoons of dried pulp. Cut it into pieces. Put them in a liter of cold water (or 2 to 2.5 g per cup of water). Then bring them to a boil. Let it steep for 10 minutes. Then filter and drink. Drink in 3 cups a day.
To treat the diarrhea, bring to a boil (1l of water). Add 30 to 50 g of rose hip in pieces for 5 minutes (over low heat). Let stand for ¼ hour. Filter. Drink as much as you want for breakfast, until symptoms improve.
Rose hip can also be eaten as a wine or fromelixir.
In this case, it is macerated in alcohol to which sugar is added.
- In Mother tincture : pour 40 drops in a glass of water. Drink it 3 times a day, but above all, before meals.
- In Capsules (50-200 mg of dry extract): take 1 or 2 capsules with a full glass of water, 3 times a day (before meals).
Smart tip about rose hips
Before the onset of winter, pick, wash with plenty of water, and pat dry the rose hips.
Using a sharp knife, gently pry open and remove the small, hairy seeds.
Cut them into pieces so you can keep them and take the necessary amount for each use.
Taking plants for healing or relieving oneself should not be done in an innocuous way.
Always ask the opinion of a specialist and, never exceed the indicated doses.
If symptoms persist, it is always recommended to have a medical advice.