Perennial small fromAsia of which around ten species are sown and exploited throughout the world, the Ginseng has been known for millennia in traditional medicine.
It grows on the mountainous slopes of the North-East of the China, of the Russia, of the Korea and, or, of the island of Hokkaido (north of Japan).
This plant is characterized by webbed lobes, flowers colored whitish, grouped in an umbel from which are born small berries colored red.
It measures between 30 and 50 centimeters: its size varies according to its age and its therapeutic effects depend on it. To do this, this plant must be cultivated for at least 6-7 years so that its roots mature and acquire all their qualities.
Reason for which, it is the roots of ginseng of more than five years which are used in Phytotherapy.
Today, this extremely rare plant in the wild, is cultivated mostly in northeast China and South Korea.
But, what are these virtues of the ginseng so approved in Medicine? Which ailments relieves? Why and how? Here's what you need to know ...
Ginseng, for the record
Etymologically, word "ginseng »Would come from Chinese Mandarin « renshēn ". Indeed, the prefix "ren "Means"the man ", And"shēn "Means"root ».
For more than 4000 years, ginseng has been one of the essential plants in Asian medicine, including Korean, Chinese and Indian.
According to some texts in Indian literature, ginseng is considered a plant with magical powers, which gives life.
According to some writings, it seems that some Native Americans used it to promote female fertility and that, for others, its virtues were beneficial in strengthening the health of the elderly.
“According to legend, ginseng made childbirth painless. "
Moreover, in the Far East, this virtuous plant is greatly appreciated by revitalizing benefits attributed to it.
Indeed, she would have toning effects for the immune system of the human body in general (hormonal, digestive, nervous, urinary…).
If in China and North Korea, the emperors and great feudal lords have used it for more than 4000 years, it is only since the 18th century that the Western countries found there
his benefits using it as fortifying, aphrodisiac and nervous stimulant.
Medicinal properties of Ginseng
Belonging to Gender Panax of the Araliaceae family (Araliaceae), Ginseng exists in several varieties and colors, of which we will retain:
- the korean ginseng (or "panax ginseng CA Meyer"). Still referred to as “hot ginseng,” this variety is famous for its powerful therapeutic properties.
It is described as "White »When its root has been cleaned and dried; and "red "When steamed and then dried.
- the american ginseng (or panax quinquefolius). In Chinese medicine, this variety, still called “cold ginseng”, is considered to be less stimulating than red ginseng.
There are also "fake ginsengs ", whose therapeutic properties are partly similar to those of Korean ginseng (anti-fatigue, stimulants and aphrodisiac properties…) namely Indian ginseng (or “Ashwagandha”) or even “Maca from Peru”.
However, these plants do not contain Ginsenoside, the main active agent in ginseng.
Called "king of herbs", "root of the sky", "wonder of the world", this medicinal plant of the genus Panax (which comes from the Greek "panakos", meaning "which heals all"), abounds in innumerable virtues can improve general health.
Ginseng: virtues and health benefits
The red ginseng has been part of the pharmacopoeia of Traditional Chinese Medicine for at least 2,000 years. Various cultures have used ginseng root for a very long time for its virtues.
Therefore, ginseng is a:
- stimulating cerebral function and, a real tonic of the Intellectual Quotient;
- factor increasing blood volume while promoting circulation
- remedy to stimulate appetite and vitality
- asset to calm the "Spirit" while providing the individual with "Wisdom".
- aphrodisiac: its effect would be positive for subjects suffering from sexual impotence, or libido disorders.
Ginseng is used to treat other illnesses:
- disorders affecting cognitive functions.
- cardiovascular problems,
- neurovegetative diseases
Indeed, it has been proven by researchers that the korean ginseng or Panax ginseng stimulates and fortified the the nervous system subjects (injured or sick), physically exhausted and those suffering from emotional stress over a long period.
This variety of ginseng could also help:
- contain the evolution of diabetes,
- lower the cholesterol,
- delay the development of HIV
- stimulate the memory
- improve the state of health of sufferers chronic pulmonary obstruction
- and even to protect against certain types of cancers (ovarian cancer) by preventing metastasis.
For more details, it should be noted that, Asian ginseng contributes to theoverall improvement in health and well-being.
It's a medicinal tonic, which allows stimulate the immune system and of strengthen the body.
Uses and dosages of ginseng
In modern herbal medicine, ginseng is one of the types of herbs or substances called "adaptogens That is to say, which regulate the internal functions of the body by constantly seeking balance.
How to treat yourself with ginseng?
To stimulate the immune system, it is recommended to take in the form ofstandardized extract (4% to 7% ginsenosides), 100 mg to 200 mg, twice daily.
As for cases of sexual stimulation, convalescence, intellectual or physical fatigue, the subject has the choice between:
- the Mother tincture (1: 5 - g / ml). An intake of 5 ml to 10 ml per day is indicated.
- the dried root. To treat you, a dose of 500 mg to 2 grams in decoction in the form of capsules is recommended. To do this, in 150 ml of water, boil 1 to 3 grams of the roots for about ¼ hour. Let it steep then drink it 3 times a day
- thestandardized extract (4% to 7% ginsenosides). A dose of 200 mg, 1 to 3 times a day is recommended.
– Infusion. In 75 cl to 1 l of water, pour 3 to 6 teaspoons of the ginseng root. Let stand for about 3/4 of an hour then filter. Once the herbal tea has cooled, drink 1 cup of it in the morning, at noon and in the evening.
Note that there are complements food (made from ginseng root) which can be obtained in wellness centers, dedicated establishments or even in supermarkets.
Good to know about ginseng
Ginseng is a universal remedy par excellence.
Ginseng should not be taken without advice / advice of a specialist.
Namely, the diabetic patients must be under surveillance if they must take ginseng because the types of preparations and dosages vary: a precise treatment protocol is therefore not specified.
Before taking, read the labels products in order to know the Panax ginseng quantity contained in the composition.
Very often, the invigorating effect of ginseng root can cause anxiety or sleeplessness.
It is therefore strongly recommended to have a medical advice before any take.
This plant should not be confused with the ficus ginseng, purely ornamental and decorative shrub