Colorful and fragrant, lilac is a shrub that will make you forget the harshness of winter: its flowering is favored by extreme cold!
The Lilac (syringa vulgaris) belongs to the large family of oleaceae which includeOlivier where the jasmine. Lilac plants sold in garden centers are most often cultivars obtained by hybridization from common lilac. Today's lilacs therefore offer a wide variety of shapes and tones, far from the only lilacs with white or purple flowers in the gardens of yesteryear.
Lilac blooms towards the end of April, its fragrant bloom heralds the end of frosts and if you have a vegetable patch, its first blossoms remind you that the time has come to plant potatoes.
Spring planting of lilac
Choose your lilac as resistant as possible to pest attacks and already with a few branches and beautiful roots. Before deciding on its location, remember that your shrub needs well-drained soil that is fairly neutral to slightly alkaline. Consider giving it plenty of space in the sun if you want to enjoy lush blooms.
Install your shrub in the spring, this will give it time to grow stronger to pass the first winter. For successful planting, consider enriching the soil with organic compost. Praline its roots before planting to prevent them from drying out and promote recovery. Once the planting is done, arm yourself with a little patience: it will take wait a few years to see it bloom.
Lilac, to watch
Lilac is a shrub to watch out for if you don't want to see it wilt or wither due to certain diseases (mildew, bacterial diseases, etc.).
During the first years,
- Prune it just before the buds hatch or in the fall after the leaves have fallen.
- Eliminate dead and broken wood as well as branches interfering with the initial shape.
- On some species, it is advisable to remove the withered panicles to avoid fruiting which unnecessarily tires the plant. The same goes for the superfluous suckers that grow at its base.
M.-C. H. (Visual credits: Truffaut)
- Find our sheet dedicated to lilac