The term eam means "raise by hand". Small zoom on the main lines of this extraordinary practice.
The eam bird for what?
- To save the chicks that the parents neglect due to lack of experience or because there are too many of them.
- Because one of the parents is dead or sick.
- To speed up reproduction.
- To protect them from predators and preserve endangered species.
- To make them remarkable pets (cinema, show in zoos, sale to individuals).
The eam bird, our advice
You can choose to collect the eggs and supervise the arrival of the baby, its rearing and its weaning (rejection or death of the parents, for example).
- Eggs are not washed to prevent the spread of germs (porous shell). If they are really dirty, they can be passed through a disinfectant solution (suitable for the incubator) with hot water added. The cracked are eliminated.
- The eggs are placed in an electric incubator (or incubator) point down at a temperature of 37.8 ° C with a humidity of around 40%, then 60% towards the end of the process to help the babies to pierce their shell.
- The eggs are turned several times a day to allow the embryo to place properly.
- A week to fifteen days later, the eggs are candled. This is a manual ultrasound. In the dark, a flashlight is placed on the egg to see if it has developed any blood vessels. If these red filaments are missing, no baby birds will be born. We are talking about an unfertilized egg or a clear egg.
- After hatching, the young are placed in an artificial nest under an infrared lamp in a room with impeccable hygiene. The majority of birds are born blind and naked (nidicolous) unlike chicks which are born with their eyes open with down (nidifuges). They are totally dependent on humans at this point in their life.
- When the bird opens its eyes (between the 8eday and 15eday) it is ringed at the ankle. In this way, we will be able to prove its origin and its membership in a breeding. The keeping of wildlife is prohibited.
We may prefer to remove the small onesfrom the nest at three weeks of age when they have received enough antibody to begin their hand rearing and human impregnation.
- They are placed in a brooder which allows them to stay warm and protected from light. The heat and humidity will be adapted as their plumage changes.
Feeding an eam bird
Feeding an eam bird is a very time-consuming and particularly demanding practice.
- Depending on the species, they will need to be fed every 30 minutes for the first few days, then every two hours. After 15 days, we will stop the meals at night.
- It is recommended to wear gloves and a mask to avoid contamination. Use a suitable powder (NutriBird A21 for example) diluted in demineralized water at a temperature of 37 ° C to 38 ° C so as not to burn the baby. Liquid at the start (consistency of a pancake batter), it will gradually thicken and enriched with proteins and vitamins. A syringe is used with a flexible tip so as not to pierce the bird's crop. The mash is injected into the esophagus on the right (on the left is the trachea). The crop should be completely empty before taking a new meal. Over time, this can be replaced by a spoon. The body is held with its back in the palm of the hand, the head turned towards its breeder while waiting for him to stand upright. You should wash your neck after every meal, because the food as it dries sticks and becomes difficult to remove on such a small and fragile creature.
- They will be weighed every day and a growth curve will be established and compared to a reference curve for the species (developed according to the history of the breeder or by exchange of experience between professionals) to detect anomalies.
- When the bird is plucked and muscular enough to fly (from 5 weeks old), we can start weaning. He leaves the breeder for a suitable cage. It has easy-to-reach perches to encourage him to climb, a bowl of water and some toys to occupy and wake him up. Use paper towels or anise sand as the bottom of the cage. Now is the time to offer him fruits, seeds, millet or granules in addition to his mash that we will gradually remove. It takes between two to four months for complete weaning.
Throughout this adventure, we will have spoken to the birds gently, we will have handled them with care and love. Each with his knowledge of breeder will have brought an additional or different element bearing in mind that lives were at stake.
Purchase of an eam bird
- It is advisable to find a breeder who has a certificate of capacity. This diploma certifies that he has acquired sufficient knowledge to take care of domestic animals. Upon purchase, they will need to give you a birth certificate, sexing test, and the bird's ring number. The male is more colorful, speaks and plays more. In adulthood, it can be recognized by its neck, which is decorated with a colored border (for many species).
- Some pet stores may sell you an eam bird. Ask to handle it before making a decision, because if the bird is not stimulated every day it can go wild again and you will be disappointed. Check that its flight feathers (large, rigid wing feathers) have not been cut to prevent it from flying if you want it to roam freely in your home. Do not leave without the documents mentioned above. This universe is protected and supervised. You must be able to prove its origin (refer to the Washington Convention on the protection of birds).
- EPP: raised by parents.
- MAN: Handled at the nest (this technique still lacks hindsight, but already gives good results to obtain more balanced birds, because they have benefited from the education of their parents and are perfectly tamed since they have been handled by the man).
To meditate : "Patience and length of time are more than strength or rage. "
Jean de La Fontaine