Trees and shrubs

Chestnut tree: a very ornamental tree


A must in parks and gardens, the chestnut tree is a majestic and very ornamental tree.

Last name : Aesculus hippocastanum
Family : Spindaceae
Type : Tree

Height : 15 to 45 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich and fresh

Foliage : Expired -Flowering : Spring -Harvest : Fall

Plantation of the chestnut tree

The planting chestnut is usually done in October when the first chestnuts start to sprout.

They grow very quickly and rooting before winter will be all the more favored.

You can also germinate chestnuts in pots during the winter or set up in the spring.

  • The chestnut tree needs space to grow, so avoid planting it within 20 meters of a house.
  • It loves the sun but will also grow in partial shade or even shade.

Multiplication of chestnut:

You can multiply your chestnut tree in the fall by collecting fresh seeds because their ability to germinate is relatively short.

Growth of the chestnut tree:

The chestnut tree grows rapidly, especially when it is well established. This is why planting is an important step because, well done, it will improve the recovery and growth of the chestnut tree over the seasons.

Pruning and caring for the chestnut tree

The chestnut tree, once it is properly installed, requires almost no maintenance.

  • Water regularly during the 1st year after planting.

If no pruning is really necessary, you should however monitor your chestnut tree to remove dead or fragile branches.

If you have a very large chestnut tree and want to prune it, call a pruning professional, called a pruner, who will advise you and intervene without risk.

The chestnut tree supports pruning very well and can even be cut back frankly because it has the ability to start again, even from the stump.

Harvesting and using chestnuts

The fruit of the horse chestnut tree is a capsule that can be covered with needles, especially in the horse chestnut tree, or smooth in other varieties.

The harvest takes place in the fall but the fruit is not edible and sometimes even toxic, unlike the chestnut.

This fruit is astringent and was, at best, only used to feed livestock. We note, however, that some cases of poisoning have been noted in horses, dogs and even hamsters.

In addition, certain substances contained in the fruit are used for their anti-inflammatory properties in purely medicinal preparations.

To know about the chestnut tree

The common chestnut or horse chestnut is often simply called horse chestnut.

Native to Asia Minor, there are traces that predate the glaciation, suggesting that it survived one of the coldest periods in history.

It is known to all because it is found in all regions of France.

It has the advantage of growing very quickly, offering a very nice spring flowering and offering chestnuts in the fall (except for chestnut trees with double flowers which do not bear fruit).

The chestnut tree, while being common, is a staple in our parks and gardens! Although he suffers greatly from pollution cities, we still find many specimens.

Finally, note that the chestnut wood is not of good quality, whether in cabinetmaking, carpentry or simply in a fireplace or a stove because it heats little and burns badly.

Smart tip

With your children, germinate a chestnut in a pot containing potting soil. Water it and let it grow.

In the spring, he will be ready to go into the ground!


© M. Schuppich

Video: The American Chestnut Tree (October 2020).