Gardening

Brussels sprouts: all about its culture


Brussels sprout is a vegetable rich in minerals and excellent in cooking.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Brassica gemmifera
Family : Brassicaceae
Type : Vegetable, biennial

Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Fresh, deep and moist and rich

Sowing:
March to June -Harvest : September to March

Maintenance, from sowing and planting to harvest, will help you have beautiful Brussels sprouts.

Planting Brussels sprouts

Sowing Brussels sprouts is usually done at the end of winter or in spring under cover so that it can be planted from March to August.

Sowing Brussels sprouts:

Sow from March-April for a fall harvest and April-May for a winter and spring harvest.

  • Sowing can start in the nursery from March to be transplanted into the ground from May.
  • Planting usually takes place in May-June but can take place from March to August.
  • Avoid fertilizers too rich in nitrogen

After lifting:

Emergence takes place about 8-10 days after sowing.

  • After emergence, when plants have 2-3 leaves, thin out to 8-10 cm
  • Place 50 cm apart when plants have 6 to 8 leaves

Caring for Brussels sprouts

As soon as the plants have minimum 3 to 4 sheets, transplant directly in place while protecting your crop if this is to be done before May.

  • Transplanting is done every 50 cm in all directions.
    This spacing is necessary to give the plants room to develop.
  • Transplant in a well plowed ground.
  • Water regularly but moderately in fine rain to maintain good humidity.

Watering Brussels sprouts:

Brussels sprouts like rather cool soils and will therefore need to be watered regularly in case of drought.

  • Good mulching helps keep moisture and freshness in the soil
  • Avoid watering the foliage to avoid fungi

Harvesting Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts are harvested as the main stem rises. We start with the apples of the base then we go up as we go.

Harvesting Brussels sprouts:

  • Just break the sprouts that grow sideways as and when you need them.
  • Wait until the apples are at least 2-3 cm in diameter
  • Preferably start with the apples at the bottom of the stem
  • Harvest the apples before the first real frosts

Diseases of Brussels sprouts

The main enemy of Brussels sprouts in general remains mildew. Moisture is the main cause of the development of late blight.

  • Avoid watering the leaves of your Brussels sprouts
  • Do not tighten the plants too much to ventilate the foliage as much as possible
  • Find our advice to fight against mildew

Brussels sprouts, like all cabbages, are prone to attack by cabbageworm, white moth and dreaded caterpillar.

It should also be noted that Brussels sprouts can be the target of aphids and, of course, of caterpillars.

For these 2 pests, avoid at all costs chemical treatments that may contaminate your vegetables and the soil in which they grow.

All you need to know about Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprout is a vegetable mainly made up of water (90%) and therefore low in calories but also rich in vitamin C and fiber.

It also contains many minerals like potassium, calcium and magnesium.

Finally, thanks to its contribution in lutein and zeaxanthin, 2 antioxidants, it acts on aging.

Brussels sprouts are therefore an excellent vegetable that would help fight cancer and old age.

Smart tip

Bring nutrients to your Brussels sprouts (fertilizer, manure compost and algae) to stimulate growth and above all improve your harvest!

Video: Honey Balsamic Roasted Brussels Sprouts (October 2020).