The olive tree, in the ground or in a pot, is one of the most successful trees in the garden.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Olea europea
Family : Oleacées
Type : Fruit tree
Height : 3 to 4 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Well drained, calcareous and dry
Foliage : Persistent -Olive harvest : Fall
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The maintenance, pruning and watering of the olive tree contribute to the good development of the tree.
How to plant an olive tree
The planting of the olive tree, whether in the ground or in pots deserves the greatest attention. Well planted, the olive tree will grow better.
Olive tree in the ground:
Pick a location sunny and where the water is not likely to stagnate, ideally atshelter from the wind.
In regards to floor, it must be very well drained.
- You can mix the earth with sand and put a bed of small pebbles at the bottom of the hole so that the water does not stagnate at the roots.
- Water well the 1st year after planting
- Follow the planting advice
Olive tree in pot :
The cultivation of the olive tree in pots is very suitable.
- Choose a container large enough for the roots to develop with ease.
- Install it in a sunny spot rather sheltered from the wind.
- Water when the soil is dry on the surface, without flooding the roots
- If the temperature drops permanently below -5 °, move it to a cool and ventilated place or offer it a wintering veil
Pruning and maintaining an olive tree
A annual size of the olive tree is recommended in late winter / early spring.
When to prune the olive tree?
If you must prune your olive tree, do it in the fall if it is not freezing in your area and in the spring anywhere else.
On the other hand, don't never prune your olive tree in winter, during or before a period of frost, as this could doom your tree.
How to prune an olive tree?
- Remove any branches that have grown at the base of the tree or along the trunk.
- Cut off any branches that fall to the ground.
- Aerate the heart of the tree by pruning the branches that grow inwards and keeping the main branches that form the frame.
- For larger branches, plan a healing putty to prevent fungus.
Watering the olive tree:
Olive trees prefer to receive copious but spaced watering, rather than a little water every day.
- 1 good watering per week is sufficient for the 1st year following planting.
- Once properly installed, it does not need to be watered anymore (unless it is in a pot)
Get a beautiful olive tree by bringing to your tree a special olive tree fertilizer.
To know about the olive tree
The olive tree enchants, just by pronouncing its name which evokes Provence and the Mediterranean.
The lifespan of the olive tree can exceed thousand years.
It is found in the Mediterranean region, but it is now also found on the Atlantic coasts in more temperate climate.
Some manage to grow it in the North, provided they have a location well sheltered from humidity and plenty of sun.
Its fruits, edible, are olives that are mostly found black or green.
They are eaten plain even if they must be prepared to be good and also allow the production ofolive oil, recognized for the health benefits of olive.
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Often used olive varieties
Choice of olive tree varieties according to their resistance to cold and olive yield.
Olive trees resistant to cold:
Note the most common: Aglandau, Amellau, Cipressino and Olivère
Olivier for olive oil:
In alphabetical order :
Aglandau (Verdale de Carpentras), Amillau, Araban, Amygdalolia, Cayet rouge, Calletier, Cayon (or cayanne), Cipressino, Colombale, Corniale, Grossanne, Lucques, Manzanille, Moufla, Négrette, Noirette, Pardiguier, Pointue de l'Ardèche, Poumal rougette from Ardèche, Reyne, Tanche, Verdale or Zinzala.
Self-fertile olive tree:
The self-fertile varieties the most common are:
Aglandau, Amygdalolia, Cipressino, Cayanne, Grossanne or even Rougette de l'Ardèche
Olive tree diseases
The olive tree is a fairly disease resistant tree. But some parasites are nevertheless frequent and deserve to be treated so as not to weaken the olive tree.
- Cochineal: Organic control and treatment
- Olive fly: Organic control and treatment
- Canker: Control and organic treatment
- The eye of the peacock : Yellow spots form on a brown or brown background which requires treatment with Bordeaux mixture
In cold and humid climates and in the event of severe frost, cover your olive tree with a wintering veil to protect it from the cold!
Read also :Cultivation of the olive tree in pots