Gardening

Cultivated peas: from sowing to harvest


Growing peas is fairly easy and brings good harvests, usually in spring and summer.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Pisum sativum
Family : Fabaceae
Type : Annual

Height : 50 to 250 cm
Exposure : Sunny to partial shade
Ground : Rich and rather humid

Harvest: May to August or 3 months after sowing

From sowing to harvest, every maintenance action will contribute to the quality and harvest of your peas.

Peas and peas seedlings

Sowing peas can be done both in the fall (mild climate) and at the end of winter or early spring (cold winter climate)

  • By sowing in autumn we bury the seeds a little deeper (6 to 8 cm)
  • We prefer sow in spring the varieties at wrinkled seeds
  • It is necessary to sow in place of February to April for the round grain varieties (classic peas)
  • Concerning the other varieties (in particular snapdragon and wrinkled peas), we will wait May to June to sow

Sow your peas well:

You will seed in place

  • Either in line, by depositing a seed every 2 to 3 cm to 5 cm deep.
  • Either in a pocket by placing 5 or 6 seeds at regular intervals of about 40 or 60 cm depending on the variety
  • Choose a sunny but not hot spot or, preferably, a slightly shaded spot during the day
  • Peas need a fairly rich and light soil, but above all well drained.

Plant to avoid next to peas:

We must avoid at all costs the proximity of onions, shallots or even garlic, with which peas do not mix well.

Combine the peas with the other vegetables:

The pea likes the proximity of certain vegetables such as: carrot, celery, cabbage, cucumber and pickle, lettuce, lamb's lettuce, turnip, potato, radish

The peas don't like being close to these vegetables: garlic, shallot, onion, parsley, leek, tomato

Watering peas and peas

At the start, watering is limited in order to promote the appearance of flowers and not foliage.

Right now after flowering, we water abundantly because that is when the seeds form to give birth to your peas.

  • Then water regularly but not excessively
  • Peas hate drought

Harvesting peas and peas

The picking of peas should not be done at any time because the quality of the harvest depends on it.

The pea and pea season lasts from spring to fall, depending on the variety and the planting period.

  • The peas are harvested about 3 to 4 months after sowing depending on the variety
  • Harvest the grains as soon as they have reached their consumption size and are well formed
  • They must be green

To know about peas

Also called cultivated pea, or pea,the seeds of the plant are actually consumed.

While growing peas is quite demanding, growing snap (summer peas) is much less.

You will be pleasantly surprised by the rapid growth of this plant which will eventually require the support of a tutor as soon as it reaches several centimeters in height.

Birds love the seeds of Pisum sativum and it is best to train a net before your harvest is destroyed, very quickly most of the time ...

Read also: health benefits and virtues of peas

Smart tip

A light vegetable mulching will maintain a certain humidity, provide organic matter and prevent the growth of weeds.


  • Find our delicious pea-based recipes
  • To read also: Gourmet peas, for gourmets

© Axel Gutjahr

Video: BLACK-EYED PEA OR COWPEA PLANT UPDATE! (October 2020).