Trees and shrubs

Arbutus unedo: beautiful Mediterranean shrub


Arbutus is a Mediterranean shrub appreciated for its fruits, leaves and beautiful bark.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Arbutus unedo
Family : Ericaceae
Type : Shrub

Height
: 1 to 10 m
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary

Foliage
: Persistent -Flowering : September -Harvest : Fall

Planting, pruning and maintaining the arbutus, or arbutus, will improve the proper development of your shrub.

Planting the arbutus

It is recommended plant arbutus in the fall but you can also easily plant it until spring, avoiding periods of frost.

  • The arbutus likes sunny situations.
  • It tolerates all types of soil but will grow best when it is well drained.
  • The arbutus tolerates cold down to -12 ° C but appreciates places rather sheltered from the wind.

For hedges, space each foot at least 100 to 120 cm.

  • Follow our planting advice.

Size and care of the arbutus

Very easy to maintain, the arbutus grows quickly when properly installed and requires hardly any care.

Arbutus unedo size:

The arbutus is pruned in the spring.

Avoid pruning in the fall as you risk compromising the arrival of beautiful berries that will remain on the tree throughout the winter.

  • Follow our advice for prune a shrub well.
  • For arbutus planted in hedges, follow our tips for trimming a hedge.

Watering the arbutus undo:

The arbutus is a shrub that does not require a lot of water except for those grown in pots.

  • Watering recommended for potted arbutus in summer.

Disease and treatment of arbutus:

One of the major diseases of arbutus unedo is caused by a fungus that spots the leaves of arbutus unedo.

These leaves eventually fall off without endangering the life of the Arbutus.

But it is preferable to carry out a treatment with Bordeaux mixture regularly to prevent and limit the disease.

  • Stains of arbutus leaves

Harvesting and use of arbutus

On the arbutus, the arbutus is harvested when they are fully ripe, that is to say very red and slightly softened.

Arbutus are edible.

Arbutus is used for making jams but also syrup and liquor. Consumed raw, the arbutus has no great taste or culinary interest.

The bark of arbutus unedo is diuretic, while its roots help fight high blood pressure.

To know about the arbutus

Thearbutus unedo or arbutus is a very beautiful shrub which offers pretty edible fruits during flowering.

It is also called "Strawberry tree" for their shape and color.

The arbutus is 1 to 10m high and lives between 100 to 400 years

Relatively slow growing, it is very ornamental thanks to its beautiful evergreen foliage and its reddish-brown bark.

Its flowering, although discreet, offers pretty white flowers.

But we especially appreciate its fruits which look like small strawberries or, some would say, small lychees.

Easy to maintain, it adapts to all types of land, whether in massif or hedge, but also in tub or pot for your patio.

You will plant it in isolation but also in hedge for brighten up your hedge in winter thanks to its decorative berries.

Tip about arbutus unedo

You can mulch the base to limit weed growth in summer and protect the roots from the cold in winter.


Read also on shrubs:

  • The hedge, the best defense against disease
  • Create a flowering hedge


Video: Tall Strawberry Trees in our Garden. Canada (June 2021).