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Thyme is both a beautiful little wall-covering perennial and a wonderful aromatic plant in the kitchen.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Thymus
Family : Lamiaceae
Height : 20 to 40 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Lightweight, well drained
Foliage : Persistent
Flowering : Spring -Harvest : All year
- Health: Benefits and virtues of thyme
- To read : Our articles and recipes dedicated to thyme
Maintenance and pruning are small steps that will help the thyme grow well.
Sowing and planting thyme
You can sow thyme as well as plant young plants bought in pots. Both hardy to drought and resistant to heat, it is very easy to grow.
Sow the thyme well:
For sowing, a seedlings in the nursery in spring.
- Sow the thyme with special sowing soil.
- Lightly cover the seeds.
- Water in fine rain so as to keep the substratum slightly humid.
- Emergence usually takes place 2 to 3 weeks after sowing.
- You will be able implement 5 to 6 weeks after emergence
Properly plant the thyme:
Once the young plants are well developed or if you buy the thyme in a cup directly, the planting will be done ideally. in spring and preferably in light, well-drained soil.
- Thyme needs sunlight to thrive.
- It tolerates all types of soil, even poor and stony.
- Regular watering is recommended the 1st year after placement but not excessively and only if it is not raining.
The culture of Thyme in pot is quite possible provided you water regularly but not excessively.
Multiplication of thyme:
You can multiply the thyme by division of the tuft In early spring. This technique makes it easy to increase thyme production but also to regenerate old plants.
Pruning and caring for thyme
Thyme is an easy plant to grow and care for.
You can cut the branches you need throughout the year.
It is better to cut on wood of the year to stimulate the emergence of new shoots.
It is therefore necessary to select the young plants and the pick in the morning to preserve the aroma before the sun breaks through.
- Remove them dead branches In early spring.
Maintenance side, do not hesitate to clean the foot of the thyme to avoid the presence of weeds.
For keep a compact shape, wait for the end of flowering to gently trim.
If, on the other hand, you are growing thyme for harvest, it is better to prune before flowering.
Diseases of thyme
Very little prone to diseases, the main enemy of thyme is a fungus which causes rotting of thyme.
- Thyme wilts and eventually withers, first by the roots.
Thyme is generally a very good companion in the vegetable garden where it tends rather to repel insects and diseases.
Species and varieties of thyme
There are nearly 350 species of thyme! The thymus x citriodorus is highly appreciated for its lemon scent.
Some varieties are prized for their colorful golden, variegated or silvery foliage.
Harvesting and storing thyme
Harvesting of thyme takes place throughout the year, but it is when it is in bloom that it is most aromatic.
Flowers also have the advantage of decorating summer dishes and salads.
=> Avoid cutting the branch at the base.
=> It is preferable to harvest the thyme by cutting the thyme on still green wood.
Storage of thyme:
There are 2 methods, either to to dry, or put them in the freezer.
In the first case, install your branches in a dry and ventilated place until completely dry. Then we can keep them in a jar for several months.
Freezing offers the advantage of keep all their scent and also allows to keep thyme for several months.
Good to know about thyme
Originally from the Mediterranean basin, thyme is very flavorful and is particularly suitable for grilling meat and fish.
It is also used to perfume sauces and the soups or in infusion for his digestive virtues.
It is a fairly hardy plant that resists very well subzero temperatures as well as disease.
- To read: health benefits and virtues of thyme
Thyme whose Latin name, thymus officinalis, indicates that it has medicinal virtues, itpromote digestion and calm the body.
Smart tip about thyme
No need to water, thyme will be perfectly satisfied with poor and dry land, and it also grows naturally in rather arid areas.
- Read also : all our articles and recipes dedicated to thyme
- Discover the wild thyme, a variety that flowers profusely