The kiwi is a delicious fruit to taste in season but also very rich in vitamin C.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Actinidia chinensis
Family : Actinidiaceae
Type : Climbing, fruit tree
Height : 4-5 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich, well drained
Foliage : Expired -Flowering : Spring -Harvest : Fall
- Read also: benefits and virtues of kiwi for health
Find out how to grow actinidia, the kiwi tree, and have beautiful kiwis throughout the seasons.
The Kiwi itself plant preferably in spring, especially in areas with harsh and cold winters.
But in a more temperate zone, you can easily plant your kiwi in the fall, naturally avoiding periods of frost.
- The kiwi likes sunny situations even if a light shade in the afternoon is suitable in case of scorching sun
- Choose a place sheltered from the prevailing winds
- A good mix of garden soil, sand and potting soil is the ideal solution when planting
- Adding fertilizer to the plantation is also excellent afterwards
Contrary to popular belief, the kiwi grows very well in our latitudes and often high production when pollination conditions are right.
- It is at the end of winter, when the buds are swelling that the kiwi is most sensitive to frost
Pollination of kiwis
The kiwi is a fruit vine whose pollination is essentialand a delicate element to master.
You must first plant 1 male foot for 4 to 5 female feet otherwise you have no chance of having a kiwi.
Note also that the distinction between male and female foot is done by looking at the flowers:
- The male foot has creamy white flowers with numerous golden yellow stamens
- The flowers of the female foot are white and have 20 to 30 styles carried directly by the ovary
- The male foot is more floriferous than the female foot
There are also varieties of self-fertile kiwifruit which has male and female flowers on the same footing. Among them is the Solissimo kiwifruit.
Self-fertile kiwifruit varieties are, however, much less productive by even those who have tested them.
After having planted your kiwis in good conditions, you will need to follow some maintenance instructions.
Here are our tips for improving kiwi growth, pollination, and actinidia fruiting.
1 / The kiwi trellising is the first thing to ensure because it is a vine that does not cling alone
- Therefore provide a trellis, a pergola or any other support allowing the liana to climb
2 / The kiwi has need water, especially during the first years after planting
- Water regularly, especially in hot weather
3 / The kiwi has need fertile soil to develop well
- An organic fertilizer such as granules at the end of winter ensures the nutrient requirements
4 / Finally, the winter protection in cool climates, winter can be important
- You just need to mulch the base of your kiwi with a good layer of mulch
>> To read also: benefits and virtues of kiwi for health
The size of the kiwifruit plays an important role in the fruiting of your actinidia.
The kiwi pruning period is winter, usually december to february avoiding periods of frost.
- Keep one branch, the most vigorous, which will become the framework.
- Prune the secondary branches that have given fruit, leaving 3 to 4 eyes.
During the summer, you can also prune the kiwi. The period is usually in July when the fruits are barely larger than a cherry.
- On each new shoot, then keep 4 or 5 eyes maximum in order to improve fruiting.
>>Here are our video tips for how to prune a kiwi >>
The kiwi is harvested in the northern hemisphere before the first winter frosts, generally in November.
To know when to harvest kiwi fruit, you have to run your fingernail over the flesh and see if it pulls back under pressure, then now is the right time to harvest them.
Kiwifruit cannot withstand the cold in winter, so it should be harvested before the first frosts.
How to store kiwis:
For store kiwis in winter as long as possible, we place them in a cool place (about 5 °) and airy. You can keep them for several months and enjoy them all winter long.
- Once harvested, the kiwi can be eaten for many months
The first ones kiwi fruit only happen after several years, usually 4 to 5 years minimum.
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