Eggplant is a delicious vegetable / fruit, a staple in the kitchen garden and in summer.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Solanum melongena
Family : Solanaceae
Type : Vegetable, annual
Height : 1 to 1.5 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich enough
Sowing: Winter spring
Rschool : July to October
To read :
- Eggplant-based recipes
- Health benefits and virtues of eggplant
While it can be cultivated relatively easily, a few cultivation and maintenance rules are necessary to avoid diseases and have good growth.
Sowing and planting eggplants
Eggplant is found in different shapes and colors, round or long, purple, pink or white, but all are grown the same way.
Growing eggplant begins with sowing, but nothing prevents you from buying plants that have already been trained in a garden center.
- Eggplant appreciates soils rich in humus
- A good sunshine is necessary
- Of regular waterings in summer and a temperature above 18 °
> Sow the eggplant well:
First, sow under cover, at a temperature of at least 18 ° January February at April for an implementation ofapril to june depending on the region.
- Broadcast sow if you have boxes or put2/3 seeds per pot or per cup.
- Water in fine rain so as to keep the substratum slightly humid.
- When emerging, keep only the most vigorous plants.
- Transplant in place when the soil is warm enough (at least 12 °)
- When burial, space each plant 50 cm in all directions.
> Sow the eggplant directly in the ground:
Sowing in place is possible, if all risk of frost has been ruled out because the eggplant fears the cold.
So wait for the mid-may to the north or a little earlier in the regions to the south.
- Dig furrows every 50 cm
- Place 2-3 seeds every 50 cm
- Cover with light earth
- Water regularly
- Once emerged, keep the most vigorous plant per pocket
Good associations with eggplant
To optimize the cultivation of eggplant, it is necessary to combine it with other vegetables because it has friends and enemies.
Proximity to other vegetables is important in the success or failure of growing eggplant.
- Eggplant LOVE the presence of: tarragon, beans, parsley, pepper, peas, thyme, tomato
- Eggplant DO NOT LIKE the presence of: onion, potato
Read also: How to combine vegetables with each other
Growing and caring for eggplants
Eliminate side shoots but above all, pinch the plant when it has formed 2 or 3 bunches of flowers as this helps to create branches.
When the plant gives a lot of eggplant, it is good to remove some eggplants when they are still small in order to leave only about fifteen fruits per plant. This is the guarantee of having beautiful and big eggplants.
Eliminate them gourmets that develop at the foot because they tend to waste the eggplant seed unnecessarily.
Good mulching at the base of your eggplants both keeps the soil moist and prevents weed growth.
To strengthen your eggplant plants, do not hesitate to add tomato fertilizer 1 to 2 times during the growth period and during fruit development.
It is regularly affected by mildew. The mildew is one of the most common diseases of eggplant.
- Heat and humidity lead to the development of downy mildew. Aerate by spacing your plants as much as possible.
- When watering, avoid wetting the foliage as this promotes mildew.
- As a curative treatment, only the destruction of affected eggplant plants can prevent the spread of late blight.
- As a preventive measure, regular spraying with Bordeaux mixture can help prevent the disease.
In dry weather, we can have red spider attacks. The eggplant leaves then become covered with grayish spots before turning red, brown or yellow.
- Here's how to fight red spiders
Less frequent but just as pests, aphids can affect eggplants.
- Here's how to fight aphids in a natural way
Eggplant has been a victim of leafminer since 2009, which can sometimes reach 100% of the harvest.
- Here's how to fight tomato leaf miner (same parasite as for eggplant)
The eggplant harvest takes place, approximately, 5 months after sowing but this may differ depending on the climate and growing conditions.
The harvest period is between summer and autumn depending on the period of sowing or planting.
A good way to know the good moment, when the fruit stops growing and the skin is thin and slightly shiny.
All you need to know about eggplant
Native to India, eggplant naturally prefers rather hot climates to develop (minimum 15 °).
Purple or white in color, there are different varieties of shapes and sizes, but all are grown in the same way.
It is a summer vegetable that is appreciated for example in ratatouille, but also au gratin or simply in eggplant caviar, marinated in garlic and olive oil.
- Raw eggplant is not very pleasant to eat because there is a high saponin content and a terry look not very pleasant on the palate.
- Once cooked, it releases its flavors with a very pleasant appearance on the palate, some would say close to that of porcini.
> Read also: health benefits and virtues of eggplant
The eggplant is ready to be picked when the color is well marked and its size has reached adulthood.