Fruit trees

Ficus carica: the common fig tree


The ficus carica, better known as the fig tree, is the tree that produces the famous green, black or purple figs.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Ficus carica
Family : Moraceae
Type : Tree fruit tree

Height : 5 to 10 m
Exposure
: Sunny
Ground
: ordinary
Foliage
: Obsolete

Fruiting
: May to September
Harvest : July and August

We consume its fruits for its taste qualities but also for its benefits on stress and digestion.

Planting ficus carica

Planting ficus carica is best done in the fall or spring for colder regions.

A ficus carica bought bare-rooted can only be planted in the fall, ideally mid-November to mid-December if it does not freeze.

  • The ficus carica needs a cool, well-drained soil.
  • It is not very sensitive to the nature of the soil but will take longer to develop in poor and stony soils.
  • A sunny and warm situation is almost necessary to have figs.
  • The proximity to a wall is appreciated if the climate in your area is cold in winter.
  • The ficus carica dreads too windy situations.

Pruning and caring for ficus carica

The size of the ficus carica is important even if it can very well give beautiful figs without pruning.

By pruning your ficus carica, you will accelerate its growth and improve the productivity of figs.

  • Choose a pruning in late winter or early spring during the rise of sap.
  • Figs develop on yearlings and year-olds.
  • In March-April, it is therefore recommended to pinch the young twigs, that is, to cut off the end with your fingernails.
  • For well-formed ficus carica, use pruning shears and cut off the shoots from the previous year above an outward eye.
  • The contribution of a fertilizer for fruit trees will return it better fig production.

Figs that do not ripen

It frequently happens that figs do not ripen on the ficus carica.

After their appearance, they grow a few centimeters then fall before ripening totally.

The reason is often quite simple and can be related to several factors, associated or not:

  • The ficus carica lacks sunlight or the summer is too short in your area.
  • The ficus carica is young and its root system prevents it from obtaining the food resources it needs.
  • You have to be patient or fertilize the soil from the start of spring.
  • The ficus carica is not well where you installed it, maybe because it is too windy or not warm enough. You can then consider moving it if it is not too big.
  • Finally, thinning the figs limits their number and therefore promotes the development of those left in place.

Ficus carica which does not give figs

Ficus carica is one of the fruit trees that needs a good period of rooting before the first fruits appear.

So there is not much you can do except wait for your ficus carica to take root.

  • A good planting improves and accelerates rooting
  • Regular watering during the first 2-3 years after planting is necessary for ficus carica
  • Patience is often a good quality in the gardener

To know about the ficus carica

The ficus carica is the name of the fig tree edible or the common fig tree. He enchants with the beauty of its antlers and the quality of the fruit it offers.

Only European representative of the genre ficus, it represents quite well, with theOlivier, Provence and the Mediterranean.

But it is also a very beautiful fruit tree, renowned for the taste quality of its fruits and the many virtues of figs.

Undemanding, he is rustic and adapts to most soils. The ficus carica resists frost down to about -15 °or even more over a short period of time.

The ficus carica can produce figs for a long time, its yield of up to a hundred kilograms of figs per tree.

Finally, note that the ficus carica latex comes close enough to that of rubber.

Smart tip about the ficus carica

The ficus carica is layering easily, choose a beautiful branch and do your own layering!


  • Also find all our fig recipes
  • Advice and maintenance of ficus benjamina
  • Advice and maintenance of rubber, ficus elastica

Video: How and Why to Prune Fig Trees (November 2020).