Pepper or Capsicum annuum, belongs to the Solanaceae family.
It originates from Central America and is part of the pepper family.
Chili and bell pepper are fruits of the same plant, which is why the pepper is also known as "sweet pepper".
There are 3 main varieties of bell pepper: square, rectangular or triangular.
Initially all green, they change color during their growth, towards yellow, red, orange, purple or black.
It is produced in France, Brittany, PACA and Aquitaine. They are present all year round in our markets. This fruit integrated into our kitchens is versatile, it offers its properties in the service of our health and our beauty.
Pepper, for the record:
Peppers have been cultivated for millennia. It was domesticated in Mexico 5000 years ago, seeds were found during archaeological excavations.
Arriving in Spain during the 15th century, the pepper then spread to the rest of Europe.
Pepper and its benefits:
Peppers are great for diets! Indeed it only provides 20kcal / 100g and quickly satiates you.In addition it contains capsicin, has the property of reducing the growth of cells in fatty tissue. This is a very good anti cellulite.
Pepper against cancer : Peppers also have virtues anti-oxidants. Thanks to the vitamin C present in very large quantities (126mg / 100g), it slows down aging and the appearance of cancer cells. And also protects the body from infections by strengthening our immune system.
Pepper and its anti-oxidants fight against free radicals and limit also the cardiovascular illnesses and the buildup of bad cholesterol in the arteries.
Red pepper is more interesting than green. Its vitamin C content covers 100% of our daily needs. Perfect to avoid fatigue!
Green pepper also contains vitamin K, essential to the phenomenon of coagulation.
While yellow peppers contain vitamin B6, involved in the the nervous system.
Peppers also contain beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, which is involved in vision and brightens the complexion.
It is also rich in water (90%), in addition to being very refreshing pepper is a good diuretic. It prevents water retention.
At the digestive level: the pepper has virtues stomachics. Fiber combined with water takes care of your stomach and gastric tissues.
Pepper ensures good intestinal transit, reduces flatulence and eliminates intestinal parasites. Pepper is recommended in case of digestive disorders or gastric ulcer.
Pepper could promote a better learning and stimulate memory. Indeed, it is a source of luteolin, which limits inflammation of the brain and prevents cell degeneration.
Pepper also has anti-septic, stimulating and decongestant properties.
Peppers in cooking:
Although it is a fruit, the pepper is cooked like a vegetable.
Raw they digest less well and can cause some intestinal discomfort and irritate your fragile intestines. Prefer to eat them cooked and without skin.
A thousand and one ways to taste peppers! Some tasty ideas:
- Vintage, they add crunch to your salads.
- Grilled on the barbecue, they color your skewers.
- Stuffed peppers with a preparation of rice, onions, tomatoes, chicken and some fragrant herbs.
> Find our delicious stuffed pepper recipes
Marine or cooked in ratatouille. Red pepper can be reduced by powder. A good idea to season and decorate your plates.
Cooked, the pepper will bring you essential minerals and trace elements beneficial to your body.
- Here are our tips for growing peppers properly
Pepper, beauty tips:
Good for your health, the pepper is also healthy for your hair, your skin.
A natural hair mask: Mix a green pepper with 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Place the mask on your hair for 30 minutes and rinse. It will accelerate their growth.
A mask for acne-prone skin : mix a pepper and a cucumber. Add 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Apply to the face, avoiding the eye area. Leave on for 20 minutes then rinse.
Choosing and storing the peppers:
Choose a pepper that is firm, smooth and shiny and has a firmly attached stalk.
It will keep for up to 8 days in the crisper of the refrigerator. Or at room temperature.
Tip for easier peeling of your peppers: Heat them in your oven until they swell. Then wrap them in a damp paper towel, the peel skin will stick to the paper.