The physalis or Peruvian Coqueret is a plant that offers pretty, perfectly edible fruits.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Physalis alkekengi
Family : Solanaceae
Type : Perennial
Height : 50 to 80 cm
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Well drained
Flowering : Summer -Harvest : End of summer, fall
- To read also: benefits and virtues of physalis
Caring for physalis is easy and the medicinal properties of its berries are recognized.
Planting and sowing physalis
Planting physalis is done indifferently in autumn or in spring.
- If your area experiences cold winters, prefer planting in the spring.
- The physalis likes sunny places but not too hot.
Physalis is planted in shrub and flower beds, in pots or in the vegetable garden.
Seedlings of physalis:
If you want to sow, prefer sowing under cover at the very beginning of spring.
- For the lifting, keep your seedlings at a temperature around 18 ° C.
- Germination is relatively slow and can take several weeks.
- Put in place 6 to 8 weeks later, after any risk of frost
Multiplication of physalis:
You can divide the clump in spring or sowing seeds at the same time (cf. sowing physalis).
Caring for physalis
Once in place, physalis requires little care.
It is best to water in hot weather or prolonged drought.
Applying tomato fertilizer according to the same precautions as indicated on the packaging will promote the development of your physalis.
At the end of cultivation, to promote the ripening of the fruits, you can top the plants in order to promote concentration towards the fruits.
Insects and diseases that affect physalis:
Little prone to parasites and diseases, physalis can nevertheless be affected by:
Aphids, leaves curl up and lose their original color.
Whiteflies, presence of white insects
Rust, brown pustules below the leaf and yellow spots on the top
Physalis is harvested from July for the early varieties and in the hottest regions and from September to October elsewhere and for the late varieties.
The harvest can in fact last until October, or even November in regions with less favorable climates. Physalis are not resistant to the first winter frosts.
- So do not wait for the frosts to arrive because they can destroy whatever is left of the harvest
- Wait for the fruits are ripe to consume them, as they may otherwise be very acidic.
Whether they are red, orange-yellow or green, we notice that they are ripe when the husk turns purple, then brown and finally, finally, opening when harvesting the fruit.
Main varieties of physalis
Peruvian physalis (or Peruvian cockroach)
- Dress : the bay the size of a large golden cherry is protected by a dry chalice.
- Production : harvested from August and before the first frosts.
Physalis with a plum flavor:
- Dress : it looks exactly like the Peruvian cockroach, the caliber of the bay is just a little smaller.
- Production : physalis the earliest is harvested from the end of july.
Mexican physalis, tomatillo
- Dress : the chalice covers a fruit with a delicate purple with green veins.
- Production : a fruit very popular in Mexico, which blooms under its beautiful sun and is harvested from August.
To know about physalis
Easy to grow, physalis offers edible fruits and particularly tasty at the end of summer.
Its name comes from the Greek physalis, which means bladder, because of the shape of its chalice.
It is found in a large number of names depending on the region and variety, such as winter cherry, Cape gooseberry, Peruvian cockroach, Japanese lantern or still in a cage.
Physalis, its benefits and virtues:
Physalis is rich in vitamin A, B but especially vitamin C, it is also a beautiful source of beta carotene when they are fully ripe.
Finally, it should be noted that the therapeutic virtues of physalis are known in the treatment of urinary tract infections and rheumatism.
Note that physalis is also commonly calledCaged love, Japanese lantern (or hōzuki in Japan) or Chinese lantern.
Physalis is sometimes confused with cherry tomato.
Fertilizer can be useful if your soil is poor and you want to optimize the harvest.