Until the end of March, and since October, it's time to harvest winter cabbages! The opportunity to learn a little more about this leafy vegetable with a thousand facets.
« Cauliflower, kale, Chinese cabbage, broccoli... Cabbages are generally classified according to their harvest period: spring, summer, autumn or winter, explain the expert authors of Tout le potager - Vegetables and fruits at home all year round (published by Marabout). The fall and winter cultivars, which have denser apples, are hardy and can be left in the soil longer ". This is the case with Brussels sprouts, head cabbage and Savoy cabbage with curly leaves.
Firm and fertile land
Sowing should ideally be done in April and May, transplanting in June and July. They will then be ready to consume 4 to 5 months later. "They can be planted in full sun or partial shade and most importantly need fertile, moisture-retaining, slightly alkaline soil with a pH of at least 6.8.
Above all, the earth must be firm because the roots and stems must be able to support sometimes very heavy apples. Light or sandy soils can be strengthened by adding compost or manure in the previous season ".
How to protect winter cabbages?
Crop rotation is also important, especially to prevent the very serious fungal disease called "cabbage hernia", which seriously attacks the soil and for which the cure is not yet known. So, avoid planting cabbages in the same place for three years in a row and give them enough space because they are bulky.
Also, track the cabbage maggot, piérides and ash aphids to be able to act quickly and protect your crops. Do not hesitate to put in place simple precautions, such as collars and nets.
“On the maintenance side, weed regularly near the plans and water often - every day in dry weather, then once or twice a week; mound the feet to facilitate plant growth and cut off any dead outer leaves ”.
After harvest, all you have to do is enjoy their different flavors in good local recipes.
- To read: Cabbage varieties and their cultivation
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