Information

Lemon tree: planting, pruning and advice on caring for it


The lemon tree is a beautiful fruit tree, easily cultivated enough to grow beautiful lemons.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Citrus limon
Family : Rutaceae
Type : Fruit tree

Height
: 3 to 5 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Well drained

Foliage
: Persistent
Flowering : March to July
Harvest : Winter


  • Lemon tree in pot
  • Lemon tree of the 4 seasons
  • Watering the lemon tree

Planting, maintenance and pruning of the lemon tree, here are the actions to have beautiful lemons and avoid diseases.

Lemon tree plantation

The lemon tree plantation is an important stage for its growth.

The lemon tree claims a well-drained and rich soil to develop.

Lemon tree outdoors:

Planting lemon trees in the ground is only possible in areas with mild winters. It fears frost and needs a temperature that does not drop below 5 ° in winter.

Planting takes place preferably in spring after the frosts. The lemon tree needs a situation shelteredwell sunny.

  • Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball.
  • Lay a drainage bed at the bottom of the hole with gravel or clay balls.
  • Mix the soil from the garden with potting soil.
  • Fill the hole then water.

Lemon tree in pot:

If it freezes in your area, prefer a potted lemon tree crop with shelter for the winter.

The lemon tree cannot live indoors in the winter, so it needs an unheated outdoor greenhouse or a wintering veil.

>> Our advice on growing lemon trees in pots >>

Lemon tree pruning

Pruning is not essential but it improves the formation and harvest of lemons.

When to prune the lemon tree?

Pruning takes place in spring, ideally in March, April or May.

Prune your lemon tree well:

Using a disinfected secateurs, reduce each new shoot in half taking care of:

  • Cut above an outward facing eye (the eye is at the base of a leaf)
  • This will also allow your tree to keep a compact shape.
  • You may have to intervene many times in the year.

Delete it dead wood as and possibly ventilate the interior of the tree to give it back light.

Watering the lemon tree

In hot weather or prolonged drought, it is recommended to water the lemon tree.

  • We see that the lemon tree needs water if its leaves begin to soften or sag.
  • Prefer watering with rainwater because it dreads lime if it is too much in your water.

For the lemon tree in a pot, it is important to water as soon as the ground is dry, without flooding the pot.

  • To read also: water the lemon tree well

Lemon tree maintenance

Like most citrus fruits, the lemon tree is quite delicate to grow in open ground if it freezes in winter.

Pot culture will then be more suitable, because it allows the lemon tree to be brought into a place where it does not freeze during winter.

Also, the lemon tree is not a houseplant and therefore will not be able to bear to stay in a heated room all year round, it needs a certain coolness from October to May, especially at night.

  • If you want a citrus fruit that tolerates indoor cultivation well, choose calamondin.

Smart tip

Regularly bring him a organic fertilizer "Special citrus" to give it the maximum chance to develop well.

Lemon tree diseases

The diseases of the lemon tree, like the pests, are the same as those that affect most citrus fruits.

Rots of lemons, aphids or even mealybugs, the lemon tree is not spared by diseases and insects on the leaves.

Our advice:

It is imperative to treat the lemon tree promptly after diagnosis, otherwise your lemon tree may die back.

  • Moniliosis: lemons rot
  • Cochineal: a whitish mass on the leaves
  • Aphids: The leaves curl and fall

Smart tip

Pick the lemons as soon as they easily come off the branch, you will keep them for several days in the refrigerator.


  • Health: benefits and virtues of lemon

To read about citrus fruits:


Photo: © Maria, © Antonio Gravante

Video: Growing Citrus Fruits: How to Prune a Citrus Tree (October 2020).