Cousin of the blueberry american called "blueberry", the blueberry is a fruit belonging to the Ericaceae family, itself produced by species of the genus Vaccinium.
Small berries colored blue-purplish whose taste is delicately sugar, blueberries are the only plants requiring rich soil in aluminum for their development.
However, these berries contain culinary virtues and therapeutic unmatched. What are they ? How do they act on the human body? How to use it wisely? What are the precautions to take before consuming them?
Here are some answers in the following lines ...
- Read also: how to grow blueberries
Blueberry, for the record
On the European continent, it has been since Middle Ages that we use blueberries to treat diarrhea even eradicate the dysentery.
For centuries until 20th century, blueberries have emerged in western medicine.
Little by little, this plant entered the composition of remedies of the traditional pharmacopoeia.
Women consumed it to stop milk production, other peoples used it to reduce blood sugar levels, to treat circulatory problems, diabetes, eye diseases (cataracts, glaucoma) or even scurvy.
On the other hand, on the North American side, it is more blueberries (consumed by the American Indians) than first settlers discovered at the same time as blueberries.
Among the Indians, between purifying the blood and treating a mental illness, its medicinal virtues were much appreciated.
Bilberry: properties, virtues and health benefits
> Bilberry in medicine
Fruits very low in calories, the medicinal properties blueberries are manifold. Genuine antioxidants and rich in fiber, anthocyanins, plant pigments, malic and citric acids, vitamins water-soluble, in anthocyanosides and indole alkaloids, blueberries are very diuretics and are an appetite suppressant.
This plant of the Ericaceae family, also contains properties antihemeralopics, antihemorrhagic, anti diarrhea, but also antiseptics.
As for its effects on the body, the virtues of blueberries are recognized for:
- their ability to treat digestive disorders because it contains tannins,
- his astringent action and anti-inflammatory.
Powerful antioxidant, scientists have shown that the compounds in blueberries promote prevention heart disease and the stress oxidant.
According to some researchers, blueberry juice on the one hand has a positive effect on memory and on the other hand, the ability to prevent degenerative diseases or cancer.
> Blueberries in the kitchen
Blueberries are eaten in pastry (cakes, pies) or fresh.
In other cases, its culinary use is recommended for the preparation of syrups, liqueurs, herbal teas, jams, wines, brandy and even sorbets.
To discover: the delicious recipe for blueberry pie
Practical tips and dosage for blueberries
For better cardiovascular health, it is recommended to consume blueberries:
- in infusion (in case of diarrhea): pour 1 tablespoon of dried blueberries in 50 cl of water. Let it steep for 20 minutes. Filter. Drink 10 cl every 3 to 4 hours.
– fresh : eat 1 cup of fresh fruit per day.
- in extract standardized : the usual dose is 360 to 600 mg
per day to contain 25% anthocyanins.
- in syrup (homemade): to pour over pancakes or waffles.
Good to know about blueberries
For pregnant women it is not recommended of consume raw blueberries because there is a risk of toxoplasmosis. In any case, ask for thenotice of your doctor.
Read also: how to grow blueberries