Maple is a tree of great beauty, symbol of Canada, it has remarkable foliage.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Acer spp
Family : Aceracea
Height : 10 to 40 m
Exposure : Sunny, not scorching
Ground : Ordinary
Foliage : obsolete -Flowering : Spring
Here are all of our care tips, from planting to pruning and spring to fall.
Be careful, when planting, to ensure the proximity of houses because it is a tree which, in adulthood, can reach large sizes.
You can plant maple in the fall, preferably, or in the spring if you bought it in a pot or container.
Maple likes rather sunny situations, ordinary but rather cool soils
- Choose a location that is sunny or slightly in the shade.
- Follow our planting tips
- Maintain a good level of soil moisture by mulching the foot of the tree for the first few years.
If you fear strong winds in your area, consider staking your maple for the first 2 or 3 years of its life.
In addition to its adult size, the network of roots being very dense, it is therefore advisable not to plant this tree too close to a house or even a terrace.
Maple pruning and maintenance
Once properly installed, maple is a tree that does not require any maintenance, other than removing dead wood as you go.
Maple pruning takes place preferably in winter, during its vegetative rest.
- Remove dead branches and keep it well ventilated.
Watering the maple:
The first year after planting, plan for regular and generous watering to facilitate the recovery and rooting of your maple.
Fairly hardy, maple is resistant to extreme cold in winter but also to most diseases and pests.
However, there may be some attacks from fungi such as anthracnose which causes spots on maple leaves.
- Treat Anthracnose
Good to know about maple
The generic species of maple (Acers pp) has also become the emblem of Canada.
However, there are around 100 species around the world, of which only 10 are native to Canada:
- Red maple (Acer Rubrum)
- Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)which gives the maple syrup
- Maple with compound leaves.
- Black maple
- Silver maple
- Bigleaf maple
- Spiky maple
- Pennsylvania maple
- Dwarf maple
- Circinated maple
The maple wood is rather light in color and is widely used in carpentry, for the production of furniture, than for heating for its great heating qualities.
Maple is known for its uniquely shaped leaves and very flamboyant colors during fall.
It also grows quickly and its hardiness makes it a tree capable of adapting to all environments.
The flowers, which usually appear in late winter, are yellow, orange or red in color.
Beekeepers know that maple is an important source of nectar for its bees.
If maple is the symbol of 58 years of marriage in France, it is also that of the Canadian flag.
Smart tip about maple
Before treating, let's think about the environment because treatments on the tree are not always necessary and rarely essential.
- Read also : Japanese maple and thejapanese maple (Acer palmarium)