The cypress is one of the kings of conifers, ideal for hedges but also as an isolated subject.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Cupressus sempervirens
Family : Cupressaceae
Type : Conifer
Height : 5 to 18 m
Weather : Temperate to warm
Exposure : Sunny to shade
Ground : ordinary, well drained
Foliage : Persistent
Read also : Leyland cypress, king of the hedges
Planting, maintenance and pruning are essential actions to ensure their proper development and prevent them from becoming sick.
Provence cypress plantation
The cypress is generally planted as a hedge,from the start of autumn, but it can also be planted up to March-April outside of frost periods.
If you plant it before winter, protect the roots from the cold by putting a mulch at the foot of the conifer.
If it's in spring, you can do the same operation to prevent weeds from invading their base.
In both cases, maritime pine bark are perfectly adapted but quite different mulching will perform this function perfectly.
- Cypress particularly afraid of humidity, especially when mixed with the winter cold.
- The cypress tolerates the wind but especially appreciates the sun and heat.
If no pruning is done, the cypress can reach almost 20 m high and will be characterized by a conical shape.
In hedge, you will choose the waist height you want and the thickness.
- Preferably prune your cypress trees end of summer or to early spring.
- Do not hesitate to prune frankly because the cypress grows very ... very quickly.
The "smart gardener" will tell you that a good pruning end of August in itself will guarantee perfectly controlled growth.
This is also when the sap descends and therefore you will reduce the growth of cypress trees.
The spring pruning is made in rising sap and therefore accelerates the growth of the tree, it is ideal for hide quickly prying eyes.
- Also find our hedge trimming advice
Diseases of Provence cypress
- Few in number, we nevertheless find the cortical canker of cypress.
The branches turn brown and die.
- Warning ! This attack can doom an entire hedge.
- The cypress is also subject to attacks from aphids and of mealybugs
To know about the cypress of Provence
Provence cypresses are excellent windbreak ready to withstand all squalls.
They are also resistant to disease and pollution.
From an aesthetic point of view, it is very beautiful when planted in isolation or, better, to mark out a long path by planting a cypress every 4 to 5 m.
The Cypress wood from Provence is very dense and for that very appreciated by cabinet makers.
Her quasi imputrescibility gives it a high resistance to water and humidity, which for a long time was a wood widely used in the construction of boats.
Finally, essential oil extracted from cypress and particularly of its branches, is used for its benefits on venous and lymphatic circulation.
Allergy and cypress
Cypress pollen gives rise to certain allergies, which has even led to the implementation of a public health plan, particularly in Languedoc-Roussillon.
These allergies to cypress pollen mainly occur in the south of France, where it is most present.
These allergies can occur at any time of the year but mainly in late winter and spring.
Allergy to cypress usually results in pollen rhinitis and therefore itching in the eyes and eyes, tearing or redness.
Consulting a doctor is strongly recommended to limit the effects.
In hedge, think carefully about the height of pruning to determine the cypress planting distance ! Respect a distance of 80 cm to 1 m for a classic hedge of about 1.80 to 2 m high.
Read also :
- All about hedges: persistent, varied and flowery