Eggplant or Solanum melongena,belongs to the Solanaceae family. Its smooth-skinned fruit is the star of Mediterranean dishes.
There are many varieties of eggplant, in different colors and shapes.
The most common is Barbentane, cylindrical in shape and dark purple in color. There are also white, streaked white and purple, black and yellow.
China and India are the two largest eggplant producers in the world.
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Eggplant, for the record
Originally from India, she then went to China in the 4th century BC. Then it arrived by the Arabs in Europe only during the 12th century.
However, it took a long time to be appreciated. In fact, people refused to eat eggplant for fear that it would cause fever or seizures. It was believed to be toxic, due to its resemblance to a poisonous plant: the mandrake, also belonging to the Solanaceae family.
So eggplant was used only for its medicinal properties, in particular as a poultice against hemorrhoids.
Eggplant and its health benefits
Eggplant is great for chasing pounds. It contributes to the decrease in bad cholesterol and thus limit the development of atheroma plaques and high blood pressure. In addition, it is a vegetable that contains only 18kcal / 100g and which quickly satiates.
Eggplant is a diuretic. Poor in sodium, rich in potassium (240mg / 100g) and water (92%), it purifies the body. Eggplant is recommended for inflammation of the urinary tract.
She is too laxative. Its high fiber content (2.5%) softens digestive ailments, accelerates intestinal transit and fights against constipation.
The eggplant is astringent.
The skin of the eggplant is also a source ofantioxidants. These protect the body from free radicals and thus slow the onset of cardiovascular disease, cancer and premature cell aging.
It also contains beta-carotene beneficial for vision and against aging of the skin.
Eggplant has properties anti-inflammatory, effective in case of mosquito bites. To do this, apply dried eggplant powder to the affected area.
Eggplant stimulates the secretions of the gallbladder and the proper functioning of the liver.
It is the source of iron, to fight against anemia. It also provides potassium in large quantities, magnesium, vitamins in smaller quantities.
> Internal use:
Eggplant juice : ideal for weight loss and lowering cholesterol. Boil thin eggplant slices, add lemon juice. Mix everything and drink throughout the day.
Eggplant infusion : boil water with eggplant slices.
Eggplant powder: to whiten teeth and relieve mosquito bites, dry the eggplant strips in the oven, salt them in large quantities (as much salt as the eggplant) and mash.
Eggplant in the kitchen:
Eggplant is eaten like a vegetable, stuffed, gratin, ratatouille, moussaka, steamed, a la plancha ... The trick is not to eat it raw because the presence of solanine makes the eggplant raw, toxic . It can generate digestive and nervous disorders.
It is best to consume it with a minimum of fatbecause its flesh absorbs fat.
With the glycemic index being 20, eggplant is found to be interesting in diabetic diets but also in high blood pressure.
Eggplant toasts : Sauté thin eggplant slices in a pan with a drizzle of olive oil. Reduce them.
On slices of wholemeal bread, place a few slices of eggplant, a slice of tomato and mozzarella. Add herbs from Provence. Put in the oven to melt the cheese and eat hot with a green salad.
Another idea: Integrate eggplant in your lasagna replacing the lasagna sheets with thick slices of eggplant.
- To discover: all our eggplant-based recipes
> Beauty tips : Eggplant to nourish and hydrate the skin.
Sunburn: Eggplant is effective in soothing your sunburns. Mix your eggplant and apply it on the burnt areas.
Anti-aging mask: Mix the mashed eggplant, add a tablespoon of argan oil. Apply the preparation to your face for 15 minutes and rinse with clean water.
White teeth : In some Eastern countries, eggplant powder mixed with salt is used to whiten teeth.
Smart tip about eggplants
Store the eggplant in a cool place away from moisture and sunlight. The refrigerator's vegetable drawer is suitable. However, do not delay eating eggplant, as it does not keep well.
Her skin is a gold mine for your body. Do not peel it, rinse it before consuming it.
Prefer small-sized eggplants, they are sweeter than large eggplants.
Caution: Poisonous, eggplant leaves cannot be eaten.
- Read also: how to grow eggplant well