Gardening

Potato: cultivation advice


From planting to harvest, here are the actions that will help you to have beautiful potatoes.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Solanum tuberosum
Family : Solanaceae
Type : Vegetable

Height
: 50 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rather light, rough and not very humid

Harvest : June to November depending on varieties

  • Health: benefits and virtues of potatoes

Planting the potato

Wait for the half-March in soft regions and the beginning of April elsewhere.

> Germinate the potatoes at the right time

The soil must need soil 10 ° deep to grow.

Exposure : The potato has need sun to develop well.

  • Turn the earth over About 30 cm, she must be well furnished for planting.
  • Wait until the tubers are germinated before putting them in the ground.
  • Dig furrows 15 cm deep about.
  • Position the tuber vertically making sure that the germ is directed upwards.
  • Maintain a distance of approximately 30 to 40 cm between each tuber.
  • If you have several grooves, keep a distance of 60 to 70 cm between each groove.

To discover: Video tutorial on growing your potatoes

Potato cultivation

relatively easy to grow and maintain, the potato requires some care and action that will allow you to improve yield and harvest.

Potato ridging:

When the plant reaches about 10-15 cm in height, mound the foot with light soil.

This operation, which consists of forming a small hill at the foot of the stems, aims to keep the plant in the ground, protect it from the wind and allow it to develop as well as possible.

Watering the potatoes:

Potatoes especially fear drought and prolonged lack of water.

Evening watering is recommended when the weather is hot and you see the foliage wilting. Do not wet the leaves to avoid the appearance of diseases such as fungi.

To avoid any risk of drought in the soil, it is advisable to put a mulch at the foot of the potato plants.

Potato harvest

Harvest the potato well:

> There is no need to harvest the potatoes before the foliage is totally yellowed.

> This essential yellowing step indicates that the harvest is imminent.

> But it also indicates thatIt is not necessary to wait because a complete drying out of the foliage would be the sign that you have waited too long.

>> Store your potatoes in a dark, dry, cool and ventilated place.

Potatoes and varieties

Firm-fleshed varieties:

Roseval, Belle de Fontenay, BF 15, Amandine, Charlotte, Bernadette, Chérie, Pompadour or even the famous Ratte are all varieties with firm flesh.

Varieties with floury flesh:

Monalisa, Ostara, Désirée, Bintje, Manon, Estima, Apollo or even Resy

Summer harvest (May to July):

Belle de Fontenay, Monalisa, Manon, Ostara, Amandine, Bernadette, Charlotte, Chérie, Rosabelle

Fall harvest (September to November):

Among others, we find Nicola, Bintje, Désirée

Potato diseases

Diseases and parasites to watch out for and treat quickly.

  • Aphids: Leaves curl up and lose their original color.
  • Downy mildew: brown spots form on the leaves to affect all the foliage and potatoes.
  • Colorado potato beetles: this is the main threat to the potato in terms of insects.
  • Rhizoctonia
  • Bacterial rot

Potato leafminer:

Like the tomato which is part of the same nightshade family, the potato can be attacked by the tomato leafminer. This parasite can kill up to 100% of a crop.

  • Here's how to fight tomato leafminer (same pest as potato)

To know about the potato

The potato is native to the Andes mountain range in South America and was reported

Potatoes are one of the most common staple foods in the world.

  • Easy cultivation and high yield, the potato is more and more often cultivated, as well by the informed gardeners as by the amateurs.
    .
  • She is rich in vitamin B1 then C but also in carbohydrate. You will also appreciate the potato for its content of iron and in potassium.
  • Health: benefits and virtues of potatoes

Smart tip

At planting, after having dug your furrows 10-15 cm deep, place your tubers and cover with the finest soil possible.


  • Find all the recipes with potatoes

Credits: FotoDuets, Credits: Mikhail Sedov

Video: Trồng khoai lang kiểu này, không ai không biết. Growing sweet potatoes, no one doesnt know (October 2020).