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The vitelotte potato is not only renowned for its superb purple flesh, it also has great taste qualities.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Solanum tuberosum
Family : Solanaceae
Type : Vegetable
Height : 50 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rather light, rough and not very humid
Harvest : June to November depending on species
Planting the Vitelotte potato
The Vitelotte potato likes light, well-drained and deep soils.
She dreads excess humidity and a need sun to develop well.
The plantation of Vitelotte is easy and, whatever the region in which you live.
- Wait for the half-March in soft regions and the beginning of April elsewhere before starting to plant.
- In the south of France or near the Atlantic side, some start from mid February but it is necessary to provide protection such as a tunnel in the event of a return of severe frosts.
Prepare the soil well before planting:
- Your land must be well furnished before planting in order to lighten it as much as possible.
So turn the earth over About 30 cm.
- It is recommended to plant tubers "certified germinated »From March to June.
- Wait until the tubers are germinated before putting them in the ground.
- Position the Vitelotte tuber vertically, ensuring that the germ is directed upwards.
- You will maintain a distance of approximately 30 to 40 cm between each tuber by burying them in 10-15 cm deep.
- At planting, after digging your furrows 10-15 cm deep, place your tubers and cover with the finest soil possible.
- If you have several furrows, leave a space of about 60 to 70 cm between each furrow.
Maintenance and cultivation of the Vitelotte potato
Buttage of the vitelotte :
- When the plant is about 20-25 cm high, mound the base with light soil.
This operation, which consists of forming a small mound at the foot of the stems, aims to keep the plant in the ground, protect it from the wind and allow it to develop as well as possible.
Watering the Vitelotte :
- Water in the evening when the weather is hot and you see the foliage wilting.
In order to avoid any risk of drought in the soil, it is advisable to put a mulching at the foot of the potato plants.
Harvest of Vitelotte
Harvesting usually takes place in late summer, after the foliage has completely wilted.
- It is indeed useless to harvest potatoes before the foliage is totally yellowed.
- This essential yellowing step indicates that the harvest is imminent.
- But it also indicates thatIt is not necessary to wait because a complete drying out of the foliage would be the sign that you have waited too long.
- Be careful not to injure the tubers when pulling out
Conservation of Vitelotte
You keep your Vitelotte then protected from light in a dry, cool and ventilated place.
Manually kill germs throughout storage
To know about the Vitelotte potato
Vitelotte is also called the “negress” or “Chinese truffle” for its characteristic black-purple color.
Little cultivated nowadays, this old variety is nevertheless coming back up to date, both for its taste qualities and for its originality.
We talk about the Vitelotte potato as a formidable anti-oxidant.
Diseases of Vitelotte potatoes
- Aphids : The leaves curl and lose their original color.
- Mildew : The leaves are covered with a white down
- Colorado beetles : shell insects eat the leaves
- Bacterial rot
Also find all potato growing tips