Zucchini or Cucurbita pepo belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family.
This vegetable is actually a young squash, picked before it is fully ripe.
Several varieties of zucchini exist. Different in shape, the Ronde de Nice, and in various colors, yellow: the Goldrush, grey : The Grisette of Provence, white: the Blanche de Virginie but also several shades of green: the early market gardening, the diamond or the Black Beauty.
The courgette is a summer vegetable. It is grown in the south of France, because it likes sunny lands.
Integrated into our diet, zucchini is a real health partner. In cooking we appreciate both the vegetable and its yellow flower.
Read also: how to grow zucchini
Courgette, for the record
The zucchini is native to Central America. Long before our era, during the Paleolithic period, the ancestor of the zucchini was already gathered, in the region of Mexico and Guatemala.
It was thanks to the Spaniards that she entered Europe.
Then it was in the 18th century that the courgette was born. Indeed the Italians decided to pick the squash before maturity. Which gave the courgette.
In the middle of the 20th century, the word "courgette" entered the French language. Previously it was called "Italian squash".
Zucchini: health benefits and virtues
The zucchini is soaked in water 95%, which makes it a diuretic. It helps to purify the renal tract.
It is also beneficial for the digestive tract. Rich in fiber, zucchini regulates transit. She is laxative.
Zucchini is your slimming ally. Very low in calories, 13.3 kcal / 100g and very low in fat (0.1g), zucchini is therefore very popular in the hunt for pounds.
In addition, she ensures the lower cholesterol. It thus prevents the accumulation of bad cholesterol and therefore the appearance of cardiovascular diseases.
The courgette, against cancers.
Zucchini is a vegetable rich in anti-oxidants, like the lives C, which warns ofonset of cancer, protects the body and accelerates the process of healing.
It also contains other vitamins in good quantities.
Group B vitamins, such as B9 beneficial to the fetus, or vitamin B1 and B6.
Zucchini also contains brings beta carotene. This precursor of vitamin A is essential for eye health. It prevents the degeneration of photoreceptors in the region of the macula (known AMD in the elderly).
Zucchini holds anti-inflammatory properties and astringent.
It participates in the regulation of blood pressure. Once again the zucchini is preventive against cardiovascular disease.
Zucchini provides minerals and trace elements essential for the proper functioning of the body: iron, calcium, potassium, copper, magnesium ...
> For external use:
The zucchini skin applied to the eye area can reduce swelling and blistering.
It is also beneficial in relieving skin attacks, sunburn types. To do this, place slices of unpeeled courgette on the affected areas.
> For internal use:
Chew zucchini seeds, several times a day, against bladder disorders.
Against digestive disorders, such as constipation, have a drink zucchini juice is effective when drunk immediately upon waking on an empty stomach.
Pounded, seeds zucchini are very good dewormers.
> Zucchini indications:
Zucchini is recommended in case of anemia, asthenia, urinary and digestive disorders, asthma, arthritis, high blood pressure.
It is not contraindicated for pregnant women, on the contrary.
Zucchini in the kitchen
To take advantage of the nutritional qualities of zucchini, you can eat it cooked in ratatouille, in omelets, lasagna, or in pies, quiche, mashed potatoes.
Round varieties are excellent stuffed.
We can also appreciate it flood, sliced into the salad with tomatoes and mozzarella.
As an aperitif, in verrines, the velvety of zucchini with chives will whet your appetite!
Some even dare to cook it for dessert! Like a sweet zucchini flan.
- To discover: our recipes with zucchini
> Gourmet ideas:
Vegetarian samosas: In your preparation, grate a zucchini and a carrot. Add goat cheese and a teaspoon of mustard.
A zucchini tzatziki : replace a cucumber with a zucchini. Grate, drain, and add 2 Greek yogurts, garlic, mustard and olive oil.
Meat kabobs: Alternate meat, peppers, diced zucchini.
> Try the delicious zucchini bread gratin to garden smart!
Zucchini leaves can also accompany your salads.
Zucchini flowers also have their place in the kitchen, in donuts or to bring color to your plates!
Zucchini, beauty tip:
The zucchini skin for our beauty. Its anti-oxidant properties are found to be beneficial for the skin and hair. It moisturizes and ensures cell renewal of the skin and promotes hair growth.
For the skin, place slices of zucchini on the face.
To soften the damaged skin on the heels, place a grated zucchini mixture on the heels.
For the hair, before washing, pour in zucchini juice, mixed with a teaspoon of olive oil and milk.
Tip about zucchini
Keep your courgettes: A few days in a cool place. Its flowers age very badly. They must be consumed quickly.
- Read also: how to grow zucchini well