The vine is a very beautiful fruit tree, feasting us on its grapes at the end of summer.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Vitis vinifera
Family : Vitaceae
Type : Fruit shrub
Height : 2 to 5 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary, limestone
Foliage : Expired -Harvest : End of summer
- Health: discover the benefits and virtues of the vine
Maintenance, treatment and planting are all things that will allow you to quickly achieve very good harvests.
Planting the vine
It is recommended to plant the vine at theautumn or to spring. But the best period is autumn for planting because it promotes rooting before winter and therefore resumption in spring.
Outside of these periods, avoid frost or hot weather to plant.
If you are planting in spring or summer, remember to water regularly after planting to facilitate rooting and recovery.
- The vine needs a sunny location because without it it will not bear fruit.
- She vine fear too strong winds but also confined places which promote the appearance of certain fungi such as downy mildew.
- Ideally, the vine likes well-drained soils and dreads standing water.
- Follow our planting tips.
Vineyard pruning and maintenance
It is carried out November to mid-April provided it does not freeze. This is when she is in vegetative rest.
The size of the vine is important because it conditions the quality of the grape harvest, she allows to control the vigorous growth of lianas and allows to limit diseases.
- Consult our advice sheet for proper vine pruning
To know about the vine
The vine is a wonderful shrub to grow in your own garden.
Some species are perfectly adapted to the fruit production to consume nature as the chasselas.
Trained against a wall and well maintained, the vine will quickly bring you the pleasure of tasting your own grapes, gorged and sweet.
But the treatments are important and the size essential to promote fruiting and to produce a rich and abundant harvest as a “good harvester”.
The vine is unfortunately a rather fragile shrub and some precautions are necessary to avoid diseases.
First as a preventive measure, with regular treatment with Bordeaux mixture. This fungicide, effective as a preventive treatment, should be applied by spraying the leaves from budding and up to a maximum of 15 days before the grape harvest.
Main diseases and parasites:
- Mildew (brownish spots on the leaves) => how to treat mildew?
- Powdery mildew : A whitish down appears on the leaves and the grapes become stunted, wither and rot on the branches. => how to fight against powdery mildew
- Erinosis, green or red blisters or blisters on the leaves => Treatment of erinosis
- Insects : Organic insecticide in February against winter forms, then when the first leaves appear and at the end of flowering.
- Gray rot : The grapes are surrounded by a layer of gray mold called Botrytis or gray rot.
Species and varieties of vines
Genre Vitis occurs in about 65 species, found in Asia and North America.
Their fruits are edible, some vines are cultivated, such as Vitis labrusca (we know its fruit in the South under the name of "raisin raspberry" or "Isabelle").
However, a law of 1934 prohibited the cultivation and sale of this species ...
The aim was to avoid overproduction. This vine indeed grows a lot and can reach 30 m high. It produces abundantly and its fruits give off a delicate fragrance.
Among the varieties of the common vine, we find:
Early harvest (August) white grapes:
- "Muscat de Saumur" : round, fragrant.
- "Madeleine Royale" : very juicy but sensitive to botrytis (harmful fungus) in case of too rainy summer or autumn.
- "Pearl of Csaba" : sweet, thin skin, the joy of birds.
- "Perdin": clusters of around 200 g, small and round berries, golden when ripe. This variety is recommended in the north of the Loire and in poorly sheltered places.
Harvest in September:
- "Golden Chasselas" or "Golden Chasselas of Fontainebleau" : one of the most popular table grapes. The village of Thomery in Seine-et-Marne owes its fame.
- "Forster White Seedling" : white, sweet, chilly.
- "Royal rose chasselas" : magnificent but not very fragrant clusters.
- "Frankenthal" : large black grains.
- "Perlette" : large round and golden grains, almost seedless, crunchy and musky flesh, very sweet. You can dry the grains. Vigorous and very productive variety.
Mid-late harvest (October) white grapes:
- "Chasselas Napoleon", "Muscat blanc de Frontignan", "Regina", "Italia" : large clusters, very thick skin, slightly fragrant flesh.
- "Hamburg black Muscat" : grains with fine skin, slightly elongated, musky flesh. Variety that resists disease quite well.
Late harvest (November) white grapes:
- "Muscat of Alexandria" : very fine flavor.
- "Beirut Date": grains white-green, elongated, resemble dates.
- "Alphonse Lavallée" : produced mainly in the south of France. Large, round grains, thick skin, crunchy flesh, not always very juicy.
Varieties of table grapes:
- "Amandin" : white, harvest 15 October, for the south of the Loire, crunchy grain, musky.
- "Cardinal" : black, harvest September 20, very large bunches, bagging recommended, excellent aroma, thin skin, the grain may burst.
- "Golden Chasselas" : white, harvest September 15, rustic variety, easy, juicy, tender, well balanced.
- "Hasty for Marseille" : black, harvest September 15, one of the first, for the South only. The taste remains well in the mouth. To harvest ripe.
- "Madeleine Royale" : white, harvest September 10, vigorous and fertile, juicy, sweet, slightly fragrant, tender, fine flesh.
- "Muscat Reine": white, harvest September 5, abundant production, easy cultivation, large ovoid grain, sweet, musky, blackcurrant aroma.
- "Perdin" : white, harvest September 5, very resistant to diseases, delicious little sweet grains.
- "Pearl of Csaba" : white, harvest August 15, for the Midi, juicy, golden, thin skin.
Smart tip about the vine
You will consume your own grapes, so protect your health and the environment by choosing organic treatment products which are now very effective!