Garlic is an essential perennial vegetable plant in the kitchen garden that particularly loves the sun.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Allium Sativum
Family : Alliaceae
Height: 30 to 100 cm
Weather : Temperate
- Health: Benefits and virtues of garlic
These are the bulbs of garlic that are used in cooking, renowned for its taste and aromatic qualities.
Above all, prefer to buy garlic certified free from nematodes and viruses.
We traditionally plant thewhite and purple garlic in the fall and thepink garlic in early spring.
White and purple garlic:
Preferably plant cloves (small secondary bulbs) in autumn if your soil is well drained, if not, wait until the start of spring.
- If theclimate is mild you can start planting your cloves as soon as January February.
- For regions with a harsher climate, thewhite garlic is planted in the fall,
- For'purple garlic, it is planted in the fall.
Thepink garlic crashes in end of winter for regions with a mild climate and early spring elsewhere.
It is a so-called early variety, which is harvested in the spring.
Plant the garlic well:
Choose cloves that are on the outside rather than the inside because they are more fleshy and hardier.
You can use the podsgarlic sold for cooking when specified on the packaging that they are virus-free.
Start by dig one or more furrow (s) in line a few inches deep, no more.
Space each furrow about twenty centimeters apart.
- Place each clove a few centimeters deep, the tip (germ) up.
- Space the cloves about 10 centimeters apart to give them room to develop.
- Then cover with light soil and water regularly.
- Garlic needs a lot of sunlight.
Warning ! Garlic does not like too wet soils, if so, mix your soil with sand
Vegetables to pair with garlic:
Thegarlic LOVES the company of the beet, the chamomile, the carrot, the celery, the strawberries, the lettuce, the leeks and the tomatoes
Thegarlic REDOUTE the proximity of asparagus, cabbage, beans, beans and peas
Garlic is undemanding and hardly needs any care during the entire cultivation. But a few things will help you have a better harvest.
When the young plants emerge from the ground, clean around regularly to remove the weeds and allow the water to drain out, breaking up the hard soil.
- Water in summer when the weather is hot or in case of drought
- Garlic hates excess water so never drown the bulbs
- Hoe and pull the weeds as you go
- Watch out for the onion fly
Emergence occurs approximately 1 month after planting.
Before harvesting the garlic, remember to tie the stems that are starting to turn yellow to stop their development and promote the concentration of the sap in the head of the garlic.
- Harvesting is done in summer, usually in June July
- Before storing the garlic, dry it for a few days in the sun.
- Then clean it and store it in a dry, ventilated and rather cool place.
When the bulbs reach a respectable size and look well formed (June / July depending on the variety grown), it's time to harvest your garlic!
Note also that it is possible to harvest green garlic from spring (generally in May) and thus consume both the bulbs and the leaves.
Good to know about garlic
Originally from Central Asia, garlic is a condiment with long, flat leaves starting from the foot and giving white, slightly pink flowers.
It has been used for millennia to flavor dishes and, that, in most countries of the world.
It is indeed widely used in cooking to spice up certain dishes and it is recognized for its antiseptic, stimulating and even aphrodisiac properties, just that…!
Garlic is in the same family asshallot, the leek and that theonion
Benefits and virtues of garlic:
Thegarlic has many virtues and health benefits and it has long been used to combat many ailments.
Indeed, it is both invigorating and antiseptic, helps fight against hypertension and rheumatism.
It also has benefits to fight against certain diseases in the garden like the peach blister, whether in plantation or garlic decoction.
Tip about garlic
In the spring, remove the weeds around the garlic, as it does not tolerate them well.