Gardening

Carrots: growing, sowing and harvesting


Carrots are one of the most widely grown vegetables in the home garden, here are our tips.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Daucus carota
Family : Apiaceae
Type : Biennial vegetable

Height : 20-30 cm
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Sandy and light

Harvest
: 3 to 6 months depending on varieties

  • Health: benefits and virtues of carrots
  • Cooking: recipes with carrots

Maintenance, from sowing to harvesting the carrots, is easy. Here is how to cultivate to grow beautiful carrots.

Carrot seedlings

The carrot seedling spreads out from March to July, or even a little before or after if your climate allows it.

We canstagger the carrot sowing in time to spread the crops.

Where to grow carrots?

These are the right conditions for growing carrots and achieving a good harvest.

  • The carrot needs a well-drained and healthy soil, without stone or pebble
  • Carrots fear heavy, clayey soils in which they will not grow
  • The soil must be perfectly loosened
  • Systematically incorporate river sand into your seedlings
  • The carrot has need sun to develop well

When to sow the carrot?

From February March, sow under shelter in a greenhouse or tunnel so as not to be subjected to the last frosts.

From April May, you can sow in the ground.

Thesummer sowing will allow you to collect your carrots in winter.

  • Prefer a seedling in place, taking care to shelter it if necessary.
  • From the end of March, beginning of April, you will no longer need shelter.
  • Dig furrows every 30 cm and sow in line.

Thin carrots:

Thinning consists of removing the most fragile young shoots to give the more vigorous ones room to develop. This step is essential.

  • As soon as the first leaves appear, thin out every 8-10 cm to keep only the most vigorous plant.
  • Thin out again, if necessary during the cultivation to prevent your plants from touching each other.
  • You can keep the carrots in the ground and pull them out as and when you need them.

Carrot care and cultivation

It is desirable to fertilize the soil before planting your carrots.

For limit the number of waterings during cultivation, mulch the stems of your carrots, this will prevent evaporation and limit the growth of weeds.

  • Regularly pull weeds out to improve water drainage.
  • To read: Fight and treatment against the carrot fly

Harvesting carrots

We can consider that the carrot is ready to be harvested approximately 3 to 6 months after sowing, depending on the variety.

Carrot growth:

  • The early varieties, under shelter are harvested less than 3 months after sowing
  • The summer carrots put 3-4 months before being harvested
  • Thelong winter can put6 months before harvest

Harvest the carrot well:

For harvest carrots, you just have to pull them out completely, along with the foliage without damaging the plants left in the ground.

  • Using a spade fork, this helps avoid damaging the carrots when pulling them up.
  • Let the carrots dry in the sun for a few hours so that the soil can be easily removed.

Store the carrots well:

For keep carrots as long as possible in winter, place them in a cool, dry and ventilated place that is also sheltered from frost.

  • The best way is to store in a box filled with sand and not damp.

Carrot varieties

It existsmultitude of varieties of carrots in trade, many of which are F1 hybrids.

There are more than 510 varieties of carrots cultivated around the world.

Interesting carrot varieties:

  • "De la Halle": strong yield in the ground, sowing March-May.
  • “De Saint Valery”: productive, does not fear the cold, sowing July-November.
  • “Longue de Tilques”: very long, good hardiness, sowing July-November.
  • “Nanco”: one of the best F1 hybrids, sowing February-March.
  • "Nandor": long and fairly fine root, sowing March-May.
  • “Improved Nantes”: classic but delicious, sowing March-May.
  • “Soloist”: very tasty, versatile, easy, sowing April-June.
  • "Suko": very tasty, versatile, easy, sowing February-March.
  • “Courte hâtive de Bellot”: early carrot with short root.
  • "Tip Top": with very long roots, keeps very well.
  • “Balin F1”: very nice hybrid variety with sweet cylindrical roots.
  • "Touchon": firm flesh, for the first sowing.
  • "Ascania F1": for late crops, keeps really well.

Smart tip

Carrots are rich in carotene, this substance is a coloring principle that tends to improve the complexion when eaten!


Read also :

  • Health: benefits and virtues of carrots
  • Cooking: recipes with carrots

© NateSteiner, © MarkusSpiske

Video: How To Grow Carrots: Sowing To Harvest (October 2020).