A climbing plant, passionflower grows in the tropics of South America, in ditches, in moist, fertile soils and even on the edges of fields. Much coveted by gardeners and one of the favorite plants of conservators of botanical species, passionflower exists in various species, more than four hundred of which are listed in the world.
In this article, we will focus on the "Passiflora incarnata ' : this species has its origins in the United States and is distinguished from others by the fact that in winter it is resistant to cold although it has lost its leaves.
We do not know by what precise mechanism it achieves this, but this plant with multiple names could inhibit the activity of certain enzymes of the brain.
But, what are his virtues and benefits for health ? How to use it wisely? Do you know that thefood industry and the Medicine found a interest ?
Here's what you need to know ...
> To read also: how to grow passionflower
Passionflower: for the record
Where does the name of the flower "passion flower" come from?
According to some writings, passionflower is a whole legend…
This flower is characterized by:
- filaments in the center that would recall the Passion of Christ. Indeed, 72 in number, these filaments are reminiscent of the crown ofthorns and more precisely to the number of thorns that surrounded the crown of christ,
- a pistil that would make one think of 3 nails having served for crucifixion,
- 5 stamens whose base is red and which would allude to 5 plagues of Christ,
- and finally, the sharp point of the leaf passion flower is reminiscent of the underside of the spear that the soldier would have used to pierce the heart of christ.
Thus, the origin of the name of passionflower would be inspired by the story of the Italian monk Jacomo Bosio who, in 1609, got to know the flower (unknown in Europe) thanks to the Mexican monk by the name of Emmanuel de Villegas, in trip to Rome.
Absorbed and amazed, the Italian monk took on the task of "bringing absolute proof of the existence of Christ and of his Passion»Through this incredible plant!
Passionflower: virtues and health benefits
Various appellations are attributed to passionflower: grenadilla, passion fruit, passion flower or, maracuya, this fabulous plant has the ability to fight anxiety and the sleeping troubles.
Indeed, various compounds of passionflower have the same effect that GABA (a soothing neurotransmitter) on areas of the brain affected. From there, the passion flower can calm the nervous system, triggering relaxation for a peaceful sleep.
Various container flavonoids (who are antioxidants well known and concentrated in leaves), passionflower may also have effects anxiolytics.
Use of passionflower
In herbal medicine, it is the aerial parts of the species "Passiflora incarnata" which are exploited for their sedative effect and anxiolytic.
In gastronomy, it is the fruit of "Passiflora edulis" (or grenadilla) which is greatly appreciated for its tangy flavor. We use it when preparing grout, of juice exotic fruits or even from sorbets.
Others see it as a ornamental plant : it is therefore the "Passiflora caerulea" or blue passion flower which is popular but above all, cultivated in metropolitan France.
Therapeutic benefits of passionflower
- of poultices, the Amerindians used leaves of passionflower to treat bruises and the wounds.
– fruit juice, the Amerindians used it to relieve pains eyepieces. Moreover, they crushed the leaves of the "maracuya" and, used them to relieve the Rashes, the burns, and even treat hemorrhoids.
Indeed, passionflower is often indicated in cases where the patient suffers from neurasthenia, insomnia, cerebral excitement and even, manifests symptoms of nervous conditions including hysteria, anguish and the palpitations.
Antispasmodic, the passion flower is also used to treat disorders of the menopause, neuralgia, epilepsy and even,asthma spasmodic.
We recently discovered his antitussive properties which would certify its traditional use to relieveasthma.
Read also: benefits and virtues of passion fruit
Uses, dosages, instructions for use of passionflower
To overcome anxiety and insomnia, it is recommended to take passionflower in the form of:
– Infusion : To prepare, bring 1/2 liter of water to a boil. Put 1 to 2 teaspoons of herbal
Dried passionflower (without roots). Let it boil for about 10 minutes. Filter. As for the dosage, to benefit from its effects anxiolytics and soothing, 1 taken 3 times a day before bedtime is indicated.
According to other recommendations, to properly prepare a anti-stress infusion, take 1/4 glass of pimples lavender, add 1 mustard glass of chamomile dried, 1/4 glass of lemon verbena dried, 1/4 glass of rose hips (the fruits of the rosehips) and 1/4 cup of dried passionflower. Mix everything. Then add 1 tablespoon of this mixture per cup of tisane. Pour boiling water over it and let stand for five minutes. Filter, sugar then drink.
– Dyeing : often associated with lemon balm or even at hop, it is advisable to take 1 to 2 ml, 1 to 3 times a day.
– Tablets and capsules, 1 to 2 doses of 350 mg to be taken, 1 to 2 times a day is recommended.
Virtues and benefits of passionflower
- Passion flower or its derivatives are known to calm the nervous system, they are used a lot nowadays as hypnotics and sedatives. Passionflower is recommended in insomnia due to alcohol intoxication, menopause, nervous excitement or neurasthenia. In worried or overworked people, passionflower reduces anxiety.
Good to know: The sleep it brings about is natural. Its use does not lead to addiction or nervous breakdown. Be sure.
- Period pain and headache are well relieved by passionflower. Its virtues antispasmodics are also recognized in cases of asthma, hypertension, palpitations or muscle cramps.
- In animals, The effect of passionflower has been recognized in cases of excess cannabis (passionflower inhibits the psychotropic effect).
Did you know ?
- Internal use
Passionflower infusion: infuse 25 min in 1 liter of boiling water 25 g of flowers. Consume 2 to 3 cups per day, including at least 1 in the evening 1 hour before bedtime. It calms nervousness, promotes sleep, and helps people quit addictions like alcohol.
Passionflower tincture: macerate 200 g of dry, bruised flowers in 1 liter of alcohol at 60% vol. Close the bottle for 10 days by shaking it from time to time. Filter. Consume 40 to 50 drops of this tincture before bedtime.
In high doses, passionflower can cause drowsiness and even cause disturbances in consciousness. Piano so…
Good to know about passionflower
The passion flower can be at the origin of drowsiness and of dizziness in some subjects.
It can increase:
- actions or interactions between certain sedative drugs,
- the actions of plants,
- the activity of anticoagulants.
Practical advice about passionflower
Passionflower would be useful to treat:
- the drop in libido, theazoospermia or the sterility to which smokers and alcohol users are often subject,
- the extreme anxiety due to weaning of the'alcohol, opiates or even cannabis.
The consumption of this plant is strongly discouraged for pregnant women.
In any case, it is always recommended to have thenotice of your doctor or a specialist (pharmacist, phytotherapist or herbalist) before to opt for a treatment made of plants.
> Read also: how to grow passionflower Passiflora caerula