Gardening

Pumpkin: cultivation advice


Pumpkin, also known as Hokkaido Pumpkin or Chinese Squash, is a delicious, meaty and flavorful vegetable.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Cucurbita maxima
Family : Cucurbits
Type : Vegetable

Height
: 20 to 40 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich and well drained

Pumpkin seedlings : Spring -Harvest : Fall

Growing pumpkin, from sowing or planting young plants to harvest is relatively easy but here are our tips for having beautiful pumpkins. © coco

Sowing and planting the pumpkin

Sowing can be done from March, under shelter, or from mid-may in full ground. The pumpkin is a cold plant and any risk of frost must be ruled out before its final installation in the vegetable garden.

For the southern regions, the first sowing can be started from April.

  • The pumpkin loves heat and therefore needs a temperate to warm climate to rise properly.

For the bucket sowing in spring, it should be done about 3 weeks before transplanting into the ground. We must therefore not sow too early.

In good soil,

  • Lightly press in 2 to 3 seeds per cup
  • Once the seeds have emerged, we keep only the most vigorous plant
  • 3 weeks later, you can put in the ground, provided that all risk of frost is eliminated.

We can also perform a sowing directly in the ground, from the month of may

  • The richer your land, the better your production will be.
  • So don't hesitate to add manure or fertilizer as soon as you plant.
  • Put 2 to 3 seeds in each hole, spaced 2.5 m in all directions
  • Thin out after 2-3 weeks, keeping only the most vigorous plant.

Pumpkin cultivation

It is necessary pinch the stems regularly in order to stimulate the development of the plant, you will have a better production.

  • When the pumpkin has 5 leaves per stem, cut each stem above the 2nd leaf from the base.
  • When these stems have produced about ten leaves again, cut each of them above the 5th.
  • When the pumpkins measure the size of a large apple, cut off the stem that bears it, leaving 2 leaves after the fruit.

Once the plants are well developed, it is necessary mulch the foot to keep the soil cool and moist.

  • Mulching also helps prevent the pumpkins from touching the ground and thus prevent rot.
  • Water regularly during the summer, avoiding wetting the foliage.

Pumpkin harvest

Regarding the pumpkin harvest, you can pick the fruits as soon as the leaves wither and the skin becomes dull.

The fruits start to be ripe in September, but the ideal is to pick your pumpkins when the peduncle is very dry and that the foliage turns yellow.

  • This is why the harvest is usually done at beginning of October.
  • We must harvest them before the first frosts, when their color is orange.
  • Keep the maximum of the peduncle when you cut the pumpkin

After picking, pumpkins can be stored for up to a year in a dry place at a temperature of 10 to 15 ° C.

  • After the harvest it is necessary destroy all remaining vegetation, often a carrier of diseases and fungi.

To know about the pumpkin

Native to North America, the pumpkin is generally brick red in color but there are also yellow ones.

Rich in vitamins A, B, C, D and E and in trace elements (phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and iron), these fruits also have the advantage of keep for a long time during winter, ideally at a temperature of around 10/12 °.

Composed of 92% water, pumpkin is quite low in calories and rich in potassium, which makes it an excellent vegetable for hypertension.

His flesh, too rich in vitamin A offers recognized antioxidant properties.

In terms of varieties, the most cultivated pumpkins in France are ‘Red kuri’, ch Uchiki kuri ’, Akaguri’ or French squash ’

Obviously, we also appreciate the pumpkin, whose flesh, slightly sweet, evokes chestnut.

Tip about pumpkin

Unlike pumpkin, it is not necessary to remove the skin from the pumpkin before cooking.

For pumpkin-based recipes, it's here

Video: Butternut Squash Growing Tips and 4 Ways to Trellis It (October 2020).