Gardening

Jasmine: a very fragrant climber


Jasmine enchants just because of its scent and the evocation of its name.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : jasminum officinalis
Family : oleaceae
Type : Climbing shrub

Height
: 2 to 10 m (outdoors)
Exposure : sunny and partial shade
Ground : ordinary

Foliage
: Obsolete or persistent
Flowering : Summer

Read also :

  • Winter jasmine
  • Indian jasmine
  • Trachelospermum jasminoides, star jasmine
  • Solanum, a false air of jasmine

Here is what you need to know about jasmine and the maintenance tips for a beautiful flowering.

Jasmine plantation

Jasmine has many species, which is why some plants are suitable for container and indoor cultivation while others will be better outdoors.

Unless you are enjoying a mild winter climate, this jasmine needs to be grown in pots to be kept in a bright room but frost-free in winter, such as an unheated veranda or greenhouse.

The jasmine from Spain is less cold resistant than the jasmine (-6 ° for the 1st and -15 ° for the second)

  • In any case, prefer a spring planting or in autumn but outside the frost period.
  • Favor places sheltered from the wind and sunny to have beautiful flowers.
  • Pay attention that the soil drainage is always good to avoid standing water.

Jasmine should be planted at the foot of a trellis, pergola or any other support allowing it to have a support for climbing.

Pruning and caring for jasmine

Caring for jasmine should help you improve the growth and flowering of your plant. Done well, these are very accessible gestures.

Jasmine is considered an easy plant to grow when properly established.

As for the size of jasmine, it is easy and it is a plant that does not fear to be refreshed regularly. This is the guarantee of keeping a bushy and dense jasmine but also a generous and abundant flowering.

Prune the jasmine:

Maintenance pruning is therefore recommended (dead branches, general balance).

  • Every 2 to 3 years, reshape your shrub to keep it compact.
  • Prune after flowering.
  • For winter jasmine, consult this sheet.

Depending on the climate, your jasmine may lose all or part of its leaves in winter, this is normal.

Watering jasmine:

In pots it is advisable towater when the earth is dry, without excess but regularly.

A good mulching saves a lot of watering and keeps the soil cool.

A fertilizer input in spring and summer is recommended at a rate of about 2 times per month.

To know about jasmine

The white jasmine or jasminum officinale or jasmine is a perennial climbing plant native to the foothills of the Himalayas. It is usually grown in countries with a mild climate.

Its flexible stems bear evergreen leaves and its large white flowers diffuse, especially in the evening, a rather exceptional sweet smell. Jasmine belongs to the Oléaceae family.

It is also a climbing plant with a very beautiful bloom white and pink and a rapid growth.

Originally from Asia, it has only been present in Europe since the end of the 19th century.

Its very fragrant flowering occurs at the end of winter and contrasts with its superb dark green foliage.

There are two types of jasmine: winter jasmine whose flowers are yellow and the summer jasmine whose flowers are white or pink.

Note that winter jasmine is the only climbing plant to offer winter flowering, it is yellow and very pretty.

Jasmine: for the record

History only tells us that Cazin advocated jasmine flowers in the 19th century against headaches.

Jasmine and its health benefits

  • We recognize in jasmine flowers the power to calm the nervous tension, promote sleep and soothe spasmodic cough.
  • By macerating jasmine flowers in oil, we obtain a very fragrant mixture that we use in friction against pains of nerve palsy.

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Did you know ?

  • Internal use:

Jasmine infusion: 20 g of flowers per liter of water. Take 2 cups a day and one at bedtime. It's a delight !

External use: cover packed flowers with twice their volume with olive oil. Let macerate for at least a month and use in friction.

Other uses of jasmine

In perfumery, we use the aromatic essence jasmine extracted by enfleurage (extraction of flower scents by contact with a fatty substance). It is extremely expensive.

Smart tip

Summer jasmine is ideal for arbors and pergolas under which you can sit in summer, because its scent will perfume you in spring!


To read also:

  • Scented climbing plants
  • Star jasmine: cultivation and maintenance
  • Solanum, the false jasmine
  • The different names of jasmine

Photo: © Konstantinos

Video: How to grow Star Jasmine Confederate Jasmine with a detailed description (October 2020).