The pear tree is one of the most common fruit trees in our orchards.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Pyrus cummunis
Family : Rosaceae
Type: Fruit tree
Height: 5 to 15 m
Ground : Ordinary
Exposure : Sunny
Foliage : Expired - Harvesting pears:fall
- Health: benefits and virtues of pears
Planting, pruning or fertilizing are all maintenance actions that will improve the pear harvest.
Pear tree plantation
Planting a pear tree is an important step because it conditions the recovery, the rooting and therefore the growth of your pear tree.
This fruit tree, like most trees, is plant in the fall to promote rooting before winter.
If you want to plant in spring or summer, plan a more regular watering, especially at the beginning.
- The pear tree likes well-drained land.
- It needs sun to grow.
- Adding an amendment to the plantation, such as manure and algae, will improve the recovery and growth of your pear tree.
- Find our planting advice.
Pear tree pruning and care
Once in place, the maintenance of the pear tree is fairly easy and only the fight against fungi requires special care (see paragraph below on diseases).
But to stimulate the appearance of beautiful and numerous pears, it is important to practice pruning the fruit before the vegetation resumes.
- Annual pruning ensures a better harvest of pears.
- Also find the different stages of pruning a pear tree.
Harvesting and storing pears
When to harvest pears? this is a common question because sometimes it is difficult to determine the best time.
You should know that you must not don't wait for them to fall to harvest them.
Then when you make a 1/4 turn with the tail and that they come without forcing, then you know that is the good time to harvest the pears.
Once the pears have been picked, it is a matter of keeping them in the best conditions to keep them as long as possible.
- Find our article dedicated to conservation of pears
Pear tree and diseases
The pear tree, like most fruit trees, is prone to a few common diseases, including fungi.
If an attack occurs at the end of the cycle, the damage is often limited with simple spots on the pears. The harvest is therefore not compromised.
If scab occurs early in the season, treatment is recommended to prevent the spread of the disease.
There are effective scab fungicides, but they are best used if the disease is already there.
- Regular treatment with nettle manure as soon as the buds form helps prevent scab.
- A spray based on Bordeaux mixture also makes it possible to slow down the development of scab.
- Avoid any treatment a few weeks before harvest.
- At the end of the season, collect all the leaves and destroy them to prevent the scab from settling in the garden.
- Find our sheet dedicated to the treatment of scab.
Rotting of pears, moniliosis:
Another frequent phenomenon in pear trees, fruit rot, called moniliose. This fungus can cause serious damage which is best avoided as a preventive measure.
- The same treatments as for scab are required.
- A decoction of horsetail also has very positive effects on moniliosis.
- Find our sheet dedicated to fruit rot, moniliosis.
Insects and parasites: Aphids, mealybugs ...
If you find that the leaves of your pear tree curl up and become sticky, it must be aphids or mealybugs.
- Here's how to fight aphids.
- Here's how to fight mealybugs.
- Install pheromone traps in the tree
- A strip of glue around the trunk helps prevent many insects from settling in the tree and on the leaves.
To know about the pear tree
The pear tree, renowned for its very long service life (sometimes nearly 200 years old), is a tree native to Europe and Asia.
It is generally medium in size, but in some cases it can reach up to 15 meters.
The pear tree blooms from April and gives superb small white flowers sometimes pinkish, which bees like in spring.
It can be found both in the wild, in our gardens, or in cultivation for the production of pears.
When planting, mulch the base of the tree to protect it from frost.
Repeat this operation every year, in this way you will avoid the growth of weeds and the use of products that are harmful to your pears ...!
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