The grape is the fruit of the vine (Vitis vinifera), a sarmenty and woody plant, of the Vitaceae family, native to temperate western Asia.
First present in the wildin many parts of the world, the vine has been domesticated over the centuries for the production of wine and table grapes. This fruit much appreciated by the French has many health benefits and virtues.
- Gardening: cultivating the vines well
The vine and its health benefits
Sweet and sun-drenched, the grape isthe fruit of tone and energy. Rich in thirst-quenching juice, it also provides manyminerals (especially potassium),fibers andvitamins.
- Grapes (red in particular) have a recognized positive effect on the prevention of cardiovascular illnesses. Consuming red grape juice could also lower bad cholesterol and increase the "good" and have a protective effect against the development of certain cancers.
- Several studies have also shown that the consumption of grape juice (especially red) had a beneficial effect on motor skills and on the memory.
- Rich in vitamins B and C and in antioxidants (flavonoids), red grapes would fight against aging cells by slowing down the action of free radicals.
- Rich in fibers, the grape promotes intestinal transit.
- The grape, mainly in its skin, also contains resveratrol, a precious anti-aging to the effects antioxidants which allows the vine to grow regenerate… And our skin to do the same when we consume it! Resveratrol also has virtues cardioprotective interesting.
- Vine leaves and grape seed extracts relieve symptoms ofvenous insufficiency and are excellent against varicose veins. They also help to treat problems related to capillary fragility : hemorrhage, nosebleeds, hemorrhoids, bruises and petechiae (red spots on the skin).
- Thanks to the tannins they contain, vine leaves are very astringent and restore good blood circulation. They are effective in the event of diarrhea chronic and to fight against uterine bleeding.
- Thevine sap which flows from the twigs in spring ("weeping of the vine") is invigorating, antihemorrhagic and healing : it is recommended in cases of conjunctival and eye disorders.
- The grape is refreshing, diuretic and laxative. You can drink it in cure if you suffer from constipation, arthritis, rheumatism or gout. A cure will also prove effective against diseases of the skin, liver and urinary system as well as in cases of hypertension and arteriosclerosis.
Cultivate the vine for its benefits
Unless you live in the Mediterranean region, we recommend that you plant the vine under the shelter of a south-facing wall. In winter, the vine begins to suffer from - 15 ° C. A two-day jelly at - 2 ° C after the start of vegetation can destroy the future harvest.
- The vine supports practically all well-drained land. It does not like too fertile soils, in which case the plant develops more leaves than fruits.
- If you want to cultivate the potted vine, opt for a variety with little development. Perdin, for example, grows very well in 12-inch planters.
- Warning, downy mildew, powdery mildew, phylloxera, mites, wasps and hornets attack the vines and its fruits!
- Find all our advice on growing vines and their diseases
The vine in the kitchen for its benefits
For varieties grown in gardens, the fruits are eaten as they are. We also make juice, jam (grape), pies and of course wine. Lightly cooked, the grapes serve as a garnish for game and poultry.
The grape seeds give an excellent quality oil recommended in many diets.
70 kcal / 100 g for white grapes, 62 kcal / 100 g for the black grape. Rich in sugar, grapes also contain vitamin B and C, and a lot of minerals : phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium.