Trees and shrubs

Aronia: the black fruit chokeberry


The black chokeberry is a small shrub that offers attractive, edible berries from summer to winter.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Aronia melanocarpa
Family : Rosaceae
Type : Shrub fruit tree

Height
: 1.5 to 3 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary

Foliage
: Expired -Flowering : April -Harvest : August

Mainly delighting birds, it is often cultivated more for its ornamental than fruitful aspect.

Planting black chokeberry

Purchased bare root, it is imperative to plant in autumn taking care to mix the varieties to optimize fertilization.

By planting in the fall you will have the chance to have a 1st harvest the following year.

You can also plant in spring chokeberry bought in a container, taking care to water regularly at first.

  • Black chokeberry needs sunlight to produce its berries
  • An amendment during planting improves the yield of blackcurrant
  • Check out our planting tips.

Pruning, maintenance of chokeberry

At the end of winter, cut back the old branches about 1/3, ventilate the center and maintain a goblet shape.

Finally, remove dead and fragile branches.

In the spring, add somefruit tree fertilizer in order to stimulate fruiting.

To know about chokeberry

Whether during the April flowering or the summer fruiting, chokeberry offers a very good general appearance and finds its place as well as a stand alone or as a hedge.

It is also loved for its flamboyant foliage in the fall.

This shrub offers pretty black berries which delight lovers of good pies, clafoutis, crumbles or jams. Rich in vitamin C, chokeberry is a staple of fruit shrubs.

The most common varieties of aronias are:

  • Aronia melanocarpa
  • Aronia arbutifolia, Aronia Arbutus
  • Aronia prunifolia, Plum-leaved Chokeberry

Aronia in the kitchen

Chokeberry is grown primarily in Canada and North America where it is popularly cultivated to use this fruit in juice, jams and jellies.

It has also often been incorporated into wines, liqueurs and syrup, both for its taste close to blackcurrant and for its colorability.

Finally, note that this fruit can be used in a sauce to accompany meat and game, duck.

Image © honka13

Smart tip about chokeberry

Wait until the fruit is very black to pick it.

Video: Aronia melanocarpa - Black chokeberry (October 2020).