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It is when going into the forest or in parks and gardens that the tick clings to your dog's hair. Particularly active between 0 ° C and 20 ° C, she plants her rostrum on the hot and humid parts of her skin to make a blood meal. Its bite is then the vector of many serious and sometimes fatal diseases for our companions.
Find out how dangerous the tick is for the dog.
What is a tick?
First of all, the tick is a mite of a few millimeters in the spider family. It feeds on blood at each stage of its life (larva, nymph and adult). She needs water, but can go for months without food (diapause).
Then, it has a rostrum which allows it to attach itself to its host (animal, human) to make its blood meal. And at every stage of her life, she needs this blood to develop and survive.
Finally, it carries viruses, parasites and bacteria that it transmits 12 to 48 hours after attaching to its host. The transmission of its pathogens is very serious for our dogs, even irremediable.
Why is the tick a danger for the dog?
A parasite that adapts:
The tick is found in the city as well as in the countryside. Indeed, it rises from 15 cm to 1 m from the ground in all plants and this, as soon as the temperatures are suitable for it. Then from its habitat, it drops on a passing host. In hot weather, it stays low to the ground in search of water. This allows it to happily sneak into your pet's coat. Therefore, it represents a danger all year round for dogs, sporty and sedentary, urban and rural.
A mite that is difficult to spot:
It is true that by regularly inspecting your dog, an adult tick engorged with blood is easy to spot. But be careful, at the larva or nymph stage, it is no bigger than a pinhead. Identifying it is then difficult, while its bite is just as dangerous.
The little tip 💡!
If you find a swollen rash on your dog behind the ears, under the armpits or in the groin, he may have been bitten by a tick. See a veterinarian promptly if you experience lethargy, refusal to feed, and sudden lameness.
The reservoir of many diseases transmissible to dogs:
When it has planted its rostrum on its host, the tick injects saliva that contains a coagulant that allows it to feed at will. Parasites, bacteria and viruses that cause disease are transmitted through saliva and not through theft of blood.
- Piroplasmosis caused by a blood parasite (particularly serious).
- Ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis (bacterial diseases).
- Borreliosis or Lyme disease with an incubation period sometimes of several months.
And more rarely, hepatozoonosis (ingestion of ticks) or transient paralysis, a consequence of the secretion of toxins in some ticks.
Learn more : tick prevention
Your pet's cleanliness has nothing to do with a tick bite. So to fight against the danger it represents for your dog, inspect it regularly and protect it with a suitable pest control throughout the year.