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Sage: cultivation, maintenance and harvesting throughout the seasons


Sage is a plant with many species, used in cooking for its aroma and in medicine for its virtues.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Salvia officinalis
Family : Lamiaceae
Type : Perennial or annual

Height
: 30 to 120 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Lightweight, well drained

Flowering
: May to October -Harvest : All year

  • Health: benefits and virtues of sage

Let's turn to the cultivation of officinal sage, the most common in our climates.

Planting sage

You can plant sage from October until May-June, keeping a distance of 25 to 30 cm between each plant.

Avoid planting sage in the summer during hot weather as it may be under great stress and not recover.

  • Sage loves it full sun but tolerates partial shade
  • She likes them well-drained soilseven poor
  • It is in the sun that sage gives the best of itself in terms of aromas

In sowing, sow annual sage in March under shelter.

  • In any case, choose a sunny spot

Sage maintenance

Sage requires little care and maintenance when properly established.

This plant tolerates the sun well, but should be watered in hot weather.

For the pot culture, do not wait until the soil is completely dry before watering, but without excess.

In summary, sage is an easy plant to grow and care for and is perfect for all gardeners, beginners and seasoned alike.

Harvesting sage

The sage harvest can take place throughout the year according to needs but it is during the vegetative period that the leaves and flowers will be the most interesting in terms of taste.

Sage is best picked in the morning during its vegetative period, from spring to late summer, but it can also be picked the rest of the day.

Wait until the plant has a good clump before picking the first leaves

Dried sage leaves keep very well for many months

Sage diseases

Very resistant to most diseases, sage has more of a repellent effect against certain insects and diseases that affect vegetable plants.

Sage is also said to be a good rodent repellant.

  • The smell of sage scares away the pests that invade the vegetable garden.
  • It tends to repel the flea beetle, in the turnip for example.
  • Its smell would also disturb slugs and snails.
  • It finally makes it possible to fight against the cabbage and the mildew of the potato (100g of leaves / liter of water spray)

Sage varieties

There are a large number of varieties of officinal sage but all are cultivated more or less the same and offer the same health benefits and virtues.

Here is an interesting but not exhaustive selection of sage to grow in your garden.

  • "Salvia Icterina": with yellow variegated leaves.
  • "Salvia Tricolor": with purple leaves variegated with white.
  • "Salvia Purpurea": ​​with purple leaves.

There are other edible sage, such as clary sage (Salvia sclarea) very aromatic with meats and which is also used to compose certain flavors.

To know about sage

There are a large number of species and varieties of sage, offering so many shapes and colors.

Sages whose name comes from salvia (savior) are known for their medicinal virtues, but also for their very fragrant foliage.

The officinal sage has indeed many virtues and health benefits of sage, diuretic and tonic, recognized since the Middle Ages, where the leaves and flowers were already used in infusion and decoction.

Very decorative and of great aromatic interest, this plant is therefore also suitable for adorn a garden that for cook delicious fragrant dishes.

Flowers such as are commonly seen are lavender blue, but may vary between species and varieties

These plants will be well developed in beds but also on borders, in rocky or sandy borders and even in planters, on your balcony or terrace.

Smart tip

Flower your beds of various plants in colors, sizes and shapes!


  • To read: all our articles devoted to sage

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