mandala palace

khyams  corridors

gral phyam/ma  rafter

gru chad   corner of courtyard

glo ?bur  parapets

sgo  doors or porticos

sgo khang   porticos

sgo khyud   archways

tog  finial

rta bab(s kyi snam bu)   literally a 'step for climbing down from a horse' [1], gateways, steps. The causal tababs are 'steps' and the resultant are 'layers of decorative cornices.'

thog phub  roof canopy

thog ?bubs  dome

mthong khung  skylights, lantern

dral phyams  battens and joists

drva phyed  lattice-work, ornamented frieze, hanging tassels

mda? yab   balcony, parapets, ledge, balustrade, eave (motif), corbels, pagoda roof.

?dod (yon gyi) snam (bu)  literally the 'terrace of sense pleasures', stylobate, projecting ledge (Khamtrul Rinpoche: veranda), corridors, terraces, galleries

pu shu  coping, ?polish parapets?, railing, fence

pha gu  a particular 'frieze' level at the top of the walls.

bar khyams  courtyard, internal galleries, an outer terrace.

bya dab  projecting molding, eaves, pagoda roof.

ma them  lintels

ya them  thresholds

logs  foundation

shar bu  water spouts, an ornament in the shape of upside down water vase of the kind used by monks, 'sharbu' frieze.



[1]        Khamtrul Rinpoche: These are the steps above and below the doorways. In the Sarma traditions, there can be eight, eleven or sixteen steps, but in Nyingma sadhanas there are four above and four below.