A glossary of terms used by the contemporary scholar B. Alan Wallace, who specializes in the science of meditation and the study of consciousness

kun btags pa?i ma rigpa  contrived ignorance

kun rdzob bden pa  conventional truth

kun gzhi rnam shes  foundation (or substrate) consciousness

gang zag gi bdag med  personal identitylessness

rgod pa  excitation

ngan ?gro  miserable destination

nges ?byung  attitude of emergence

nges shes  ascertaining awareness

dngos stobs rjes dpag   cogent inference

mngon shes  extrasensory perception

chos kyi bdag med  phenomenal identitylessness

chos nyid  reality-itself

nyon mongs  mental affliction

nyon mongs kyi sgrib pa  afflictive obscuration

snyoms ?jug  meditative absorption

rtog pa conceptualization

don spyi  idea

bdag med pa  identitylessness

ldan min ?du byed  abstract composites***

gnas ngan len dysfunction

rnam rtog  ideation

rnam pa  mental representations

rnal ?byor mngon sum  contemplative perception

dpyad sgom  discursive meditation

bag chags  latent propensity

bag med  negligence

byang chub kyi sems  spirit of awakening

bying ba  laxity

bla ma spiritual mentor

blo  cognition

dbyings  absolute space

ma yin dgag  partial negation

med dgag  simple negation

rmugs pa  lethargy

brtson ?grus  enthusiasm

mtshan ma  sign (nimitta)

rdzu ?phrul  paranormal ability

zhi gnas  quiescence

zhum  depression

zag bcas  tainted

yon tan  excellence

rang rig  reflexive awareness, self-cognizing awareness

lung ma bstan ethically neutral

shing rta  great authority

shin sbyangs  pliancy

sems  attention

sems nyid  mind-itself

sems byung  mental process

bsam gtan  meditative stabilization

bsod nams  spiritual power

lhan skyes kyi ma rig pa  innate ignorance

Alan Wallace

B. Alan Wallace - a scholar and practitioner of Buddhism since 1970, has taught Buddhist theory and meditation throughout Europe and America since 1976. Having devoted fourteen years to training as a Tibetan Buddhist monk, ordained by H. H. the Dalai Lama, he went on to earn an undergraduate degree in physics and the philosophy of science at Amherst College and a doctorate in religious studies at Stanford.